1716 in literature
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The year 1716 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- April 5 – Anne Lefèvre, Madame Dacier, meets Antoine Houdar de la Motte in person.
- May – Voltaire is exiled to Tulle as a result of his lampoon on the regent.
- Poet John Byrom returns to England to teach his own system of shorthand.
- Edmund Curll renews his controversy with Matthew Prior, by threatening to publish the poet's works without permission.
- Dramatist Philippe Néricault Destouches comes to London as an attaché to the French embassy.
- Ballet master John Weaver revives the pantomime genre at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in London with The Loves of Mars and Venus – a new Entertainment in Dancing after the manner of the Antient Pantomimes and Perseus and Andromeda.
- Richard Blackmore – Essays upon Several Subjects vol. i
- Jane Brereton – The Fifth Ode of the Fourth Book of Horace Imitated
- Thomas Browne – Christian Morals
- "Mr Gay" (Francis Chute) – The Petticoat (part of Edmund Curll's "phantom Gay" hoax)
- Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury – Several Letters. . . to a Young Man at the University
- John Dennis – A True Character of Mr Pope, and his Writings (in response to The Essay on Criticism)
- Theophilus Evans – Drych y Prif Oesoedd
- John Oldmixon – Memoirs of Ireland from the Restoration to the Present Times
- Alexander Pope – The Iliad of Homer vol. ii
- Humphrey Prideaux – The Old and New Testament Connected in the History of the Jews and Neighbouring Nations
- Thomas Purney – Pastorals
- Andreas Rüdiger - Göttliche Physik (Divine Physics)
- George Sewell – A Vindication of the English Stage
- Lewis Theobald – The Odyssey of Homer
- Johann Georg Walch – Historia critica Latinae linguae
- Zhang Yushu, Chen Tingjing et al. (ed.) – Kangxi Dictionary
- Joseph Addison – The Drummer
- Barton Booth – The Death of Dido
- Christopher Bullock (playwright)
- The Adventures of Half an Hour
- The Cobbler of Preston
- Woman is a Riddle
- Mary Davys – The Northern Heiress
- Benjamin Griffin – The Humours of Purgatory
- Aaron Hill – The Fatal Vision
- John Hughes – Apollo and Daphne
- Charles Johnson – The Cobler of Preston (political satire based on The Taming of the Shrew)
- Voltaire – Oedipe
- José de Cañizares
- El dómine Lucas
- Marta la Romarantina
- El picarillo de España, señor de la Gran Canaria
- January 20 – Jean Jacques Barthelemy, French writer and numismatist (died 1795)
- December 25 – Johann Jacob Reiske, German scholar and physician (died 1774)
- December 26
- January 1 – William Wycherley, dramatist (born c.1640)
- January 5
- January 11
- February 19 – Dorothe Engelbretsdotter, Norwegian poet (born 1634)
- September – Andrew Fletcher, politician and writer (born 1653)
- October 21 – Jakob Gronovius, scholar (born 1645)
- November 14 – Gottfried Leibniz, philosopher (born 1646)
- probable – Patrick Abercromby, antiquarian writer and translator