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This article is about the year 1728. For the number, see 1728 (number).
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1690s 1700s 1710s – 1720s – 1730s 1740s 1750s|
|Years:||1725 1726 1727 – 1728 – 1729 1730 1731|
|1728 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2481|
|Bahá'í calendar||−116 – −115|
|British Regnal year||1 Geo. 2 – 2 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丁未年 (Fire Goat)
4424 or 4364
— to —
戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
4425 or 4365
|- Vikram Samvat||1784–1785|
|- Shaka Samvat||1650–1651|
|- Kali Yuga||4829–4830|
|Japanese calendar||Kyōhō 13
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||184 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2271|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1728.|
- February 28 – At the Battle of Palkhed, Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I defeats the Mughal Governor of Deccan, Nizam-ul-Mulk.
- March 14 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau leaves Geneva for the first time.
- May 18 – Peter II succeeds Catherine I as Tsar of Russia.
- July 14–August 14 – Vitus Bering sails northward from the Kamchatka Peninsula, through the Bering Strait, and round Cape Dezhnev.
- Late Summer – Voltaire ends his exile in England.
- August 29 city of Nuuk founded in Greenland as fort Godt-Haab by royal governor Claus Paarss.
- October 20–October 23 – The Copenhagen Fire of 1728 (the largest in the city's history) burns.
- The English astronomer James Bradley uses stellar aberration (first observed in 1725) to calculate the speed of light and observes nutation of the Earth's axis.
- The Real y Pontificia Universidad de San Gerónimo de la Habana, the oldest university in Cuba, is founded in Havana.
- Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of King George II of Great Britain, arrives in Britain for the first time, aged 21.
- January 9 – Thomas Warton, English poet (d. 1790)
- February 3 – Charles Rainsford, British General (d. 1809)
- February 21 – Emperor Peter III of Russia, husband of Catherine the Great (d. 1762)
- February 25 – John Wood, the Younger, English architect (d. 1782)
- April 16 – Joseph Black, Scottish physicist and chemist (d. 1799)
- August 26 – Johann Heinrich Lambert, Swiss mathematician, physicist and astronomer (d. 1777)
- August 28 – John Stark, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1822)
- September 3 – Matthew Boulton, English manufacturer and lifelong key partner of James Watt (d. 1809)
- September 14 – Mercy Otis Warren, American playwright (d. 1814)
- October 5 – Chevalier d'Eon, French diplomat, spy, soldier and transvestite (d. 1810)
- October 7 – Caesar Rodney, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1784)
- October 27 – James Cook, British naval commander and explorer (d. 1779)
- November 10 – Oliver Goldsmith, Irish writer (d. 1774)
- February 12 – Agostino Steffani, Italian diplomat and composer (b. 1654)
- February 13 – Cotton Mather, New England Puritan minister (b. 1663)
- March 4 – Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna of Russia, eldest daughter of Peter the Great (b. 1708)
- April 3 – James Anderson, Scottish historian (b. 1662)
- May 14 – Louise Marie d'Orléans, Mademoiselle, French princess (b.1726)
- August 15 – Marin Marais, French viol player and composer (b. 1656)
- August 26 – Anne Marie d'Orléans Queen consort of Sicily and Sardinia (b.1669)
- September 23 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist (b. 1655)
- November 19 – Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, German Prince (b. 1694)
- Serfoji I, third Raja of the Bhonsle dynasty (b. 1675)
- Delambre, J. B. (1827). Histoire de l'astronomie au dix-huitième siècle. Paris: Bachelier.