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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1690s 1700s 1710s – 1720s – 1730s 1740s 1750s|
|Years:||1726 1727 1728 – 1729 – 1730 1731 1732|
|1729 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2482|
|British Regnal year||2 Geo. 2 – 3 Geo. 2|
— to —己酉年十一月十二日
|- Vikram Samvat||1785–1786|
|- Shaka Samvat||1651–1652|
|- Kali Yuga||4830–4831|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||729–730|
|Japanese calendar||Kyōhō 14
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||183 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2272|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1729|
Year 1729 (MDCCXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- March 23 Premiere performance of Johann Sebastian Bach's First Köthen Funeral music at the St. James Church, Köthen in the evening in honor of the Funeral of his former employer Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen
- March 24 Premiere performance of Johann Sebastian Bach's Funeral cantata Klagt, Kinder, klagt es aller Welt, BWV 244a before midday at the St. James Church, Köthen (for the same event as above).
- April 15 Repeat performance of Johann Sebastian Bach's St Matthew Passion BWV 244b at the St. Thomas Church, Leipzig
- July 25 – Seven of the original eight Lords Proprietors sell their tracts within the Province of Carolina back to the crown. The Province is permanently divided and reorganized into the Royal Colonies of North Carolina and South Carolina.
- July 30 – Baltimore, Maryland is founded.
- August 1 – The Comet of 1729, possibly the largest comet on record, was discovered by Nicolas Sarabat.
- November 9 – The Treaty of Seville is signed between Great Britain, France, Spain and the Dutch Republic.
- November 28 – The worst Indian massacre to take place on Mississippi soil occurs when Natchez Indians kill 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at Fort Rosalie (near modern-day Natchez, Mississippi).
- The third oldest settlement in Mississippi, Port Gibson, is founded.
- A fire in Istanbul destroys 12,000 houses and kills 7,000 inhabitants.
- Jonathan Swift publishes A Modest Proposal.
- Battle of Damghan: The Persians under Nadir Shah defeat the Afghans.
- Putney Bridge was built.
- January 12
- January 22 – Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German author and philosopher (d. 1781)
- May 2 – Catherine the Great of Russia (d. 1796)
- August 10 – William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, British general (d. 1814)
- November 17 – Maria Antonietta of Spain, Queen consort of Sardinia (d. 1785)
- November 21 – Josiah Bartlett, Second Signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1795)
- November 12 – Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French navigator and military commander (d. 1811)
- November 24 – Alexander Suvorov, Russian general (d. 1800)
- date unknown
- January 19 – William Congreve, English playwright (b. 1670)
- January 31 – Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)
- March 2 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1662)
- March 21 – John Law, Scottish economist (b. 1671)
- May 17 – Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (b. 1675)
- July 16 – Johann David Heinichen, German composer (b. 1683)
- August 5 – Thomas Newcomen, English inventor (b. 1663)
- September 1 – Richard Steele, Irish writer and politician (b. 1672)
- September 3 – Jean Hardouin, French scholar (b. 1646)
- September 7 – William Burnet, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (b. 1688)
- October 9 – Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (b. 1654)
- December 1 – Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer (b. 1665)
- December 13 – Anthony Collins, English philosopher (b. 1676)