1737 in literature
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1734 1735 1736 -1737- 1738 1739 1740
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In poetry: 1734 1735 1736 -1737- 1738 1739 1740
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The year 1737 in literature involved some significant literary events and new books.
- March 2 - Samuel Johnson and his former pupil David Garrick leave Lichfield to seek their fortunes in London.
- June 21 - The Theatrical Licensing Act is passed, introducing censorship to the London stage. Plays now require approval before production. Edward Capell is appointed deputy-inspector of plays. The "legitimate drama" is limited to the theatres at Drury Lane, Covent Garden, and the Haymarket. The anonymous satire The Golden Rump (which may never have existed in full) is used as ammunition by the Act's proponents.
- September 1 - The News Letter is first published in Belfast by Francis Joy, making it the world's oldest existing English newspaper.
- October - First professional stage production in the Swedish language by native-born actors in Sweden, the comedy Den Svenska Sprätthöken at the Bollhuset in Stockholm.
- November 20 - Death of Caroline of Ansbach, queen consort of Great Britain, a significant patron of the arts.
- Poet Richard Jago becomes curate of Snitterfield.
- Anonymous - A Letter from Mrs. Jane Jones, alias Jenny Diver, in Drury Lane (on the life of a kept woman)
- Philip Doddridge - Submission to Divine Providence in the Death of Children
- Stephen Duck - The Vision
- Jonathan Edwards - A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Works of God
- Étienne Fourmont - Meditationes Sinicae
- William Law - A Demonstration of the Gross and Fundamental Errors of a Late Book (an answer to Benjamin Hoadly from 1735)
- William Oldys - The British Librarian
- Alexander Pope
- Horace His Ode to Venus
- The Second Epistle of the Second Book of Horace, Imitated
- Letters of Mr. Alexander Pope, and Several of his Friends (authorized)
- The First Epistle of the Second Book of Horace, Imitated
- The Works of Alexander Pope vols. v-vi
- Elizabeth Rowe - Devout Exercises of the Heart
- Jan Swammerdam - Biblia Naturae
- Jonathan Swift - A Proposal for Giving Badges to the Beggars in all the Parishes of Dublin
- John Wesley - A Collection of Psalms and Hymns
- Gregorio Mayáns y Siscar - Vida de Miguel de Cervantes
- Ignacio de Luzán - Poética
- Diego de Torres Villarroel - Médico para el bolsillo
- Henry Carey - The Dragon of Wantley (opera)
- Robert Dodsley - The King and the Miller of Mansfield
- Henry Fielding
- The Historical Register for the Year 1736
- Eurydice Hiss'd, or a Word to the Wise
- Robert Gould - Innocence Distress'd (published 29 years posthumously)
- George Lillo - Fatal Curiosity
- Pierre de Marivaux - Les Fausses confidences
- James Miller - The Universal Passion (adapted from Much Ado About Nothing)
Main article: 1737 in poetry
- January 29 - Thomas Paine, free thinker and revolutionary (died 1809)
- April 27 - Edward Gibbon (died 1794)
- unknown date - Frances Abington, actress, a leading exponent of Shakespeare and Sheridan (died 1815)
- May 4 - Eustace Budgell, satirist, 50 (suicide)
- May 17 - Claude Buffier, philosopher and historian, 75
- June 21 - Matthieu Marais, memoirist, 72
- date unknown
- Johnston, Ruth. "Belfast News Letter". Your Place & Mine. BBC. Retrieved 2011-11-15.
- Winsor, Mary P. "Swammerdam, Jan." Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 1976
- Fernando Durán López (2005). Vidas de sabios: el nacimiento de la autobiografía moderna en España (1733–1848) (in Spanish). pp. 119–129. ISBN 978-84-00-08311-3.
- Torres Villarroel's works
- Colt, George Howe (1992). The Enigma of Suicide. Simon and Schuster. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-671-76071-7. Retrieved July 17, 2009.