From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1700s 1710s 1720s – 1730s – 1740s 1750s 1760s|
|Years:||1735 1736 1737 – 1738 – 1739 1740 1741|
|1738 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2491|
|British Regnal year||11 Geo. 2 – 12 Geo. 2|
— to —戊午年十一月廿一日
|- Vikram Samvat||1794–1795|
|- Shaka Samvat||1660–1661|
|- Kali Yuga||4839–4840|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||738–739|
|Japanese calendar||Genbun 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||174 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2281|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1738|
Year 1738 (MDCCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- February 4 – Court Jew Joseph Suss Oppenheimer is executed in Württemberg.
- March/April – Emperor Iyasu II of Ethiopia is defeated by the Funj at the Battle of the Dindar River.
- April 15 – Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, premieres in London.
- May 24 – John Wesley is converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day.
- September 18 – Samuel Johnson composes his first solemn prayer. Published 1785.
- November 18 – The Treaty of Vienna is ratified, ending the War of the Polish Succession. Under the terms of the treaty, Stanisław Leszczyński receives Lorraine in exchange for renouncing the Polish throne.
Date unknown 
- Russo–Turkish War (1735–1739): The Russian army fails to cross the Dniester. They are decimated by plague.
- China's Qing government announces that all western businessmen have to use the Cohong in Guangzhou to trade.
- The excavation of Herculaneum, a Roman city buried by Vesuvius in AD 79, begins.
- Pierre Louis Maupertuis publishes Sur la figure de la terre, which 'confirms Newton's view that the earth is a spheroid slightly flattened at the poles'.
- Franz Ketterer invents the cuckoo clock.
- Jacques de Vaucanson presents the world's first automaton, The Flute Player, to the French Academy of Sciences.
- January 21 – Ethan Allen, American patriot (d. 1789)
- April 12 – Padre Francisco Garcés, Spanish missionary (d. 1781)
- April 14 – William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1809)
- April 16 – Henry Clinton, British officer (d. 1795)
- May 1 – King Kamehameha I of Hawaii (d. 1819)
- May 27 – Nathaniel Gorham, American politician (d. 1796)
- June 4 – King George III of the United Kingdom (d. 1820)
- July 3 – John Singleton Copley, American painter (d. 1815)
- September 25 – Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (d. 1789)
- October 11 – Arthur Phillip, British admiral and Governor of New South Wales (d. 1814)
- October 18 – Andrei Bolotov, Russian agriculturalist and memoirist (d. 1833)
- November 15 – William Herschel, German-born astronomer (d. 1822)
- December 31 – Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general (d. 1805)
- February 15 – Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)
- March 16 – George Bähr, German architect (b. 1666)
- March 25 – Turlough O'Carolan, Irish harper and composer (b. 1670)
- May 1 – Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, English statesman (b. c. 1669)
- May 15 – Sir John Chesshyre, English lawyer (b. 1662)
- June 5 – Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (b. 1659)
- June 21 – Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English politician (b. 1674)
- September 23 – Herman Boerhaave, Dutch humanist and physician (b. 1668)
- December 22 – Constantia Jones, English prostitute (executed) (b. c. 1708)