77th Guards Rifle Division
|77th Guards Rifle Division|
|Active||1943 - 1946|
The division traces its history to the 21st Division of the Moscow People's Militia, formed in July 1941. In August-September 1941 the division became the 173rd Rifle Division (2nd Formation). From the northern autumn of 1942, the division participated in the heroic battle of Stalingrad, leading the defensive and offensive operations north-west of Stalingrad and in the city. In accordance with Order of the NKO number 104 dated March 1, 1943 173rd Rifle Division was converted to 77 Guards Rifle Division - for successful combat operations on the Stalingrad front.
Reduced to 10th Brigade 1946-52, became 77th Guards Motor Rifle Division 1957. In the northern autumn of 1989 transferred to the Northern Fleet and became a coastal defence division. Reduced to 163rd Separate Coastal Defence Brigade on 1 December 1994. Brigade disbanded 1 March 1996. On November 28, 1998, the divisional banner and other regalia was given to the 332nd Naval Infantry Battalion of the Caspian Flotilla, which became the 600th Moscow-Chernigov Naval Infantry Battalion. Reformed as 77th Brigade in December 2000, but disbanded in March 2009, though it appears the two separate subordinate Naval Infantry battalions remained.
- V.I. Feskov et al 2004, and Александр ЧЕБОТАРЕВ/Chebotarev, На то и гвардия Фото автора и из архива гвардейского соединения морской пехоты КФ., Krasnaya Zvezda, 24 June 2009.
- Keith E. Bonn, Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front, Aberjona Press, Bedford, PA., 2005. ISBN 0-9717650-9-X
- Robert G. Poirier and Albert Z. Conner, The Red Army Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War, Novato: Presidio Press, 1985. ISBN 0-89141-237-9.