1744 in literature
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In poetry: 1741 1742 1743 -1744- 1745 1746 1747
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The year 1744 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- February 5 - Spranger Barry makes his debut as an actor at the Theatre Royal, Dublin.
- February 6 - Samuel Foote makes his debut as an actor as Othello at the Haymarket Theatre, London.
- April - The Female Spectator (a monthly) is founded by Eliza Haywood in England, the first periodical written for women by a woman.
- April 14 - The Physico-Historical Society is formed in Dublin for the preservation of 'manuscripts, rare printed books, and natural curiosities relating to Ireland'.
- May 29 - Alexander Pope is received into the Catholic Church, a day before his death.
- Mary Collyer - Felicia to Charlotte (prose fiction)
- Sarah Fielding - The Adventures of David Simple
- Eliza Haywood - The Fortunate Foundlings (prose fiction)
- Edward Moore - Fables for the Female Sex
- John Newbery - A Little Pretty Pocket-Book
- William Oldys - The Harleian Miscellany (introduction by Samuel Johnson)
- Joseph Warton - The Enthusiast
- Paul Whitehead - The Gymnasiad
- Tommy Thumb's Pretty Song Book (earliest extant collection of English language nursery rhymes)
- Robert Dodsley - A Select Collection of Old Plays
- William Harvard - Regulus
- James Miller - Joseph and his Brethren (music by Handel)
- - Mahomet the Imposter (adapted from Voltaire's Mahomet)
- Thomas Odell - The Prodigal
- James Ralph - The Astrologer (adapted from Thomas Tomkis's Albumazar, which was adapted from Giambattista della Porta's L'astrologo)
- Antonio de Zamora - No hay deuda que no se pague y convidado de piedra
- Mark Akenside
- The Pleasures of the Imagination
- An Epistle to Curio
- Jane Brereton - Poems
- Gabriel Álvarez de Toledo (ed. Diego de Torres Villarroel) - Obras póstumas poéticas, con la Burromaquia
- John Armstrong - The Art of Preserving Health
- George Berkeley - Siris
- Émilie de Breteuil, marquise du Chatelet -Dissertation sur la nature et la propagation du feu
- Colley Cibber - Another Occasional Letter from Mr. Cibber to Mr. Pope
- David Garrick - An Essay on Acting (attrib.)
- Samuel Johnson
- Life of Mr Richard Savage
- An Account of the Life of John Philip Barretier
- Alexander Pope - Essay on Man, volume 4: "Epistle: Of the Nature and State of Man, with Respect to" (4) "Happiness" (the first 2 epistles were written in 1732 and the third in 1733).
- Emanuel Swedenborg - The Animal Kingdom (Soul's Domain) (1744-45)
- Jonathan Swift - Three Sermons
- January 29 - Catharina Charlotta Swedenmarck, Swedish writer (died 1813)
- February 10 - William Mitford, English historian (died 1827)
- August 25 - Johann Gottfried Herder, German poet (died 1803)
- date unknown - Elsa Fougt, Swedish editor and publisher
- January 28 - Thomas Innes, Scottish historian (born 1662)
- March 31 - Antiochus Kantemir, Russian iplomat and writer (born 1708)
- May 30 - Alexander Pope, English poet and satirist (born 1688)
- September 18 - Lewis Theobald, English Shakespearean editor and literary "dunce" (born 1688)
- November - Charlotte Fielding, wife of Henry Fielding; his model for Sophia Western in Tom Jones
- unknown date - James Miller, English poet and dramatist (born 1703)