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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1710s 1720s 1730s – 1740s – 1750s 1760s 1770s|
|Years:||1743 1744 1745 – 1746 – 1747 1748 1749|
|1746 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2499|
|British Regnal year||19 Geo. 2 – 20 Geo. 2|
— to —丙寅年十一月二十日
|- Vikram Samvat||1802–1803|
|- Shaka Samvat||1668–1669|
|- Kali Yuga||4847–4848|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||746–747|
|Japanese calendar||Enkyō 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||166 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2289|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1746|
Year 1746 (MDCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 8 – Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling.
- January 17 – Battle of Falkirk: British Government forces are defeated by Jacobite forces.
- April 16 – The Battle of Culloden, the final pitched battle fought on British soil, brings an end to the Jacobite Rising.
- June – Samuel Johnson is contracted to write his A Dictionary of the English Language.
- June 16 – Battle of Piacenza: Austrian forces defeat French and Spanish troops.
- June 29 – Catherine of Ricci (b. 1522) is canonized.
- August 1 – The wearing of the kilt is banned in Scotland by the Dress Act (Note: the actual effective date of the Dress Act was August 1, 1747, not 1746 – see the text at Dress Act).
- August 18 – Two of the four rebellious Scottish lords, Earl of Kilmarnock and Lord Balmeniro, are beheaded in the Tower (Lord Lovat was executed in 1747).
- September 20 – Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to the Isle of Skye from Arisaig, after the unsuccessful Jacobite rising of 1745, marked by the Prince's Cairn on the banks of Loch nan Uamh
- October 22 – The College of New Jersey is founded (it becomes Princeton University in 1896).
- October 28 – An earthquake demolishes Lima and Callao, in Peru.
- The town of Vilkovo (Odes'ka oblast', Ukraine) is founded.
- Royal Colony of North Carolina Governor Gabriel Johnston moves to the province's largest and most prosperous city of New Bern. As a result, New Bern replaces Edenton as the capital of North Carolina (a title it holds until Raleigh is established in 1792).
- Publication of Charles Batteux's Les beaux-arts réduits à un même principe in Paris, putting forward for the first time the idea of "les beaux arts": "the fine arts".
- January 12 – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss pedagogue (d. 1827)
- January 24 – King Gustav III of Sweden (d. 1792)
- February 4 – Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish general and nationalist (d. 1817)
- February 5 – Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, American politician and soldier (d. 1825)
- March 7 – André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
- March 30 – Francisco Goya, Spanish painter (d. 1828)
- April 4 – John Andrews, American clergyman, Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, considered "America's first scholar" (d. 1813)
- July 3 – Henry Grattan, Irish politician (d. 1820)
- July 16 – Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (d. 1826)
- July 23 – Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader, aided the United States in its quest for independence in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1786)
- September 28 – Sir William Jones, English philologist (d. 1794)
- October 7 – William Billings, American composer (d. 1800)
- November 27 – Robert R. Livingston, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1813)
- date unknown
- February 28 – Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
- March 18 – Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
- March 20 – Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
- May 6 – William Tennent, Scottish-American theologian (b. 1673)
- May 22 – Thomas Southerne, Irish playwright (b. 1660)
- June 14 – Colin Maclaurin, Scottish mathematician (b. 1698)
- July 2 – Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
- July 9 – King Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
- July 28 – John Peter Zenger, American printer (b. 1697)
- August 6 – Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway (b. 1699)
- October 2 – Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty (b. c. 1666)
- November 14 – Georg Wilhelm Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
- December 6 – Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish poet (b. 1665)
- December 8 – Charles Radclyffe, British politician (b. 1693)
- Anton Josef Kirchweger, German writer.