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This article is about the year 1753. For the number, see 1753 (number).
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1750 1751 1752 – 1753 – 1754 1755 1756|
|1753 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2506|
|British Regnal year||26 Geo. 2 – 27 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||壬申年 (Water Monkey)
4449 or 4389
— to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4450 or 4390
|- Vikram Samvat||1809–1810|
|- Shaka Samvat||1675–1676|
|- Kali Yuga||4854–4855|
|Japanese calendar||Hōreki 3
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||159 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2295–2296|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1753.|
- January 1 – Minimum date value for a datetime field in SQL Server (up to version 2005) due to it being the first full year after Britain adopted the Gregorian calendar.
- January 29 – After a month's absence, Elizabeth Canning returns to her mother's home in London and claims that she was abducted. The following criminal trial causes uproar.
- March 1 – Sweden adopts the Gregorian calendar by skipping the 11 days difference between it and the Julian calendar and letting February 17 be followed directly by March 1.
- March 17 – First official Saint Patrick's Day.
- April 5 – The founding charter of the British Museum is enacted.
- May 1 – Species Plantarum is published by Linnaeus (adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature as the formal start date of the scientific classification of plants).
- July 7 – Royal assent to the Jewish Naturalization Act: The British Parliament extends citizenship to Jews
- October 31 – Virginia Lieut. Gov. Robert Dinwiddie commissions 21-year-old militia Maj. George Washington to dissuade the French from occupying the Ohio Country.
- James Lind writes A Treatise of the Scurvy.
- Robert Wood publishes The ruins of Palmyra; otherwise Tedmor in the desart in English and French, making the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra known to the West.
- The Cramer family starts a brewing operation including the current major brand Warsteiner.
- Marriage Act 1753 (Parliament of Great Britain)
- Coining of the term "anthropomorphism"
- February 12 – François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
- February 20 – Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (d. 1815)
- March 8 – William Roscoe, English writer (d. 1831)
- March 9 – Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (d. 1800)
- March 13 – Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, great heiress, wife of Philippe Égalité (d. 1821)
- March 26 – Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (d. 1814)
- April 3 – Simon Willard, celebrated American horologist (d. 1848)
- May 8 – Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican Catholic priest and revolutionary (d. 1811)
- May 13 – Lazare Nicholas Marguerite Carnot, French general, politician, and mathematician (d. 1823)
- July 9 – William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
- August 10 – Edmund Randolph, American politician (d. 1813)
- August 12 – Thomas Bewick, English wood engraver (d. 1828)
- September 10 – John Soane, British architect (d. 1837)
- November 6 – Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (d. 1823)
- December 3 – Samuel Crompton, English inventor (d. 1827)
- date unknown
- January 11 – Sir Hans Sloane, Irish physician (b. 1660)
- January 14 – George Berkeley, Irish philosopher (b. 1685)
- January 23 – Anne Louise Bénédicte de Bourbon (b. 1676)
- February 16 – Giacomo Facco, composer (b. 1676)
- May 23 – Franciszka Urszula Radziwiłłowa, dramatist (b. 1705)
- June 7 – Archibald Cameron of Locheil, last Jacobite to be executed for treason (b. 1707)
- June 10 – Joachim Ludwig Schultheiss von Unfriedt, German architect (b. 1678)
- August 6 – Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (struck by lightning) (b. 1711)
- August 19 – Balthasar Neumann, German architect and military engineer (b. 1687)
- December 15 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (b. 1694)
- December 25 – Godolphin Arabian, thoroughbred stallion (b. c.1724)