From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1754 1755 1756 – 1757 – 1758 1759 1760|
|1757 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2510|
|Bahá'í calendar||-87 – -86|
|British Regnal year||30 Geo. 2 – 31 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丙子年 (Fire Rat)
4453 or 4393
— to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4454 or 4394
|- Vikram Samvat||1813–1814|
|- Shaka Samvat||1679–1680|
|- Kali Yuga||4858–4859|
|Japanese calendar||Hōreki 7
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||155 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2300|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1757.|
Year 1757 (MDCCLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 2 – Britain captures Calcutta (part of the fighting in the Seven Years' War).
- January 5 – Robert-François Damiens makes an unsuccessful assassination attempt on Louis XV of France.
- March 14 – Seven Years' War: Admiral Sir John Byng is executed by firing squad aboard HMS Monarch for breach of the Articles of War.
- May 6 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Prague (1757): Frederick the Great defeats an Austrian army and begins to besiege the city.
- June 18 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Kolin: Frederick is defeated by an Austrian army under Marshal Daun, forcing him to evacuate Bohemia.
- June 23 – Battle of Plassey: 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah at Plassey.
- July 25 – Alexandria de Laryria tried and executed for open rebellion.[clarification needed]
- July 26 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Hastenbeck: An Anglo-Hanoverian army under the Duke of Cumberland is defeated by the French under Louis d'Estrées and forced out of Hanover.
- July 30 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf: A Prussian army under Hans von Lehwald is defeated by the Russian army of Marshal Stepan Apraksin.
- August 3 – August 9 – French and Indian War: A French army under Louis-Joseph de Montcalm forces the English to surrender Fort William Henry. The French army's Indian allies slaughter the survivors for unclear reasons.
- October 16 – Seven Years' War: Hungarian raiders plunder Berlin.
- October 30 – Osman III dies and is succeeded as Ottoman Sultan by Mustafa III.
- November 5 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Rossbach: Frederick defeats the French-Imperial army under the Duc de Soubise and Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen, forcing the French to withdraw from Saxony.
- November 22 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Breslau: An Austrian army under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine defeats the Prussian army of Wilhelm of Brunswick-Bevern and forces the Prussians behind the Oder.
- December 6
- Seven Years' War – Battle of Leuthen: Frederick defeats Prince Charles's Austrian army in what is generally considered the Prussian king's greatest tactical victory.
- Jigme Lingpa discovers the Longchen Nyingtig ter through a meditative vision which brought him to the Boudhanath Stupa. The Longchen Nyingtig is a popular cycle of teachings in the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.
- December 14 – Battle of Khresili: King Solomon I of Imereti defeats the Ottoman army and an allied faction of nobles in what is now western Georgia.
- Conclusion of Nam tiến, the southward expansion of the territory of Vietnam into the Indochina Peninsula.
- Robert Wood publishes The ruins of Balbec, otherwise Heliopolis in Coelosyria in English and French, making the ancient city of Baalbek in Syria known to the West.
- Emanuel Swedenborg claims to have witnessed the Last Judgement occurring in the spiritual world.
- January 16 – Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Goodwin Keats Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1834)
- February 3 – Joseph Forlenze, Italian ophthalmologist (d. 1833)
- February 20 – John 'Mad Jack' Fuller, English philanthropist (d. 1834)
- April 9 – Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (d. 1833)
- May 30 – Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1844)
- June 18 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine leader (d. 1833)
- June 22 – George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
- July 20 – Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (d. 1811)
- August 9 – Thomas Telford, British engineer & architect (d. 1834)
- August 23 – Marie Magdalene Charlotte Ackermann, German actress (d. 1775)
- September 6 – Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, French soldier and statesman (d. 1834)
- October 9 – King Charles X of France (d. 1836)
- October 21 – Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (d. 1816)
- November 1 – Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor (d. 1822)
- November 28 – William Blake, English poet (d. 1827)
- December 17 – Nathaniel Macon, American politician (d. 1837)
- December 25 – Benjamin Pierce, American politician (d. 1839)
- January 9 – Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
- January 19 – Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1664)
- March 1 – Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)
- March 8 – Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
- March 12 – Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/painter (b. 1696)
- March 14 – John Byng, British admiral (executed) (b. 1704)
- March 27 – Johann Stamitz, Czech-born composer (b. 1717)
- April 28 – Edmund Butcher, minister (b. 1822)
- May 6
- July 23 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (b. 1685)
- August 28 – David Hartley, English philosopher (b. 1705)
- October 17 – René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
- October 25 – Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (b. 1672)
- October 30 – Osman III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1699)
- November 12 – Colley Cibber, English poet (b. 1671)
- December 11 – Edmund Curll, English bookseller and publisher (b. 1675)
- December 14 – Levan Abashidze, Georgian politician