175 Andromache

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175 Andromache
Discovery
Discovered by J. C. Watson
Discovery date October 1, 1877
Designations
Main belt
Orbital characteristics[1]
Aphelion 3.926 AU
Perihelion 2.446 AU
3.186 AU
Eccentricity 0.232
5.69 years
Inclination 3.22°
Physical characteristics
7.109 hours
Albedo 0.082
Spectral type
C
8.06[2]

175 Andromache is a main-belt asteroid that was discovered by Canadian-American astronomer J. C. Watson on October 1, 1877, and named after Andromache, wife of Hector during the Trojan War. Watson's telegram to Europe announcing the discovery became lost, and so notification did not arrive until several weeks later. As a result, another minor planet, later designated 176 Iduna, was initially assigned the number 175.[3]

The initial orbital elements for 175 Andromache proved unreliable, and it was only in 1893 that an accurate ephemeris was produced. Because the orbital period is fairly close to being double that of the giant planet Jupiter, 175 Andromache initially became of interest in the study of gravitational perturbations.[3][4]

Based upon its spectrum, this is classified as a C-type asteroid.[5] It has a diameter estimated in the range 101–107 km with a roughly circular shape. The size ratio between the major and minor axes is 1.09 ± 0.09, as determined from the W. M. Keck Observatory. An earlier result published in 2000 gave a larger size ratio of 1.20.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yeomans, Donald K., "175 Andromache", JPL Small-Body Database Browser (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory), retrieved 2013-03-25. 
  2. ^ Warner, Brian D. (December 2007), "Initial Results of a Dedicated H-G Project", Bulletin of the Minor Planets Section of the Association of Lunar and Planetary Observers 34: 113–119, Bibcode:2007MPBu...34..113W. 
  3. ^ a b Leuschner, A. O. (April 1936), "The Story of Andromache, an Unruly Planet", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 48 (282): 57–60, Bibcode:1936PASP...48...55L, doi:10.1086/124659. 
  4. ^ Leuschner, A. O. (July 1922), "Comparison of Theory with Observation for the Minor planets 10 Hygiea and 175 Andromache with Respect to Perturbations by Jupiter", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 8 (7): 170–173, Bibcode:1922PNAS....8..170L, doi:10.1073/pnas.8.7.170, PMC 1085085, PMID 16586868. 
  5. ^ Lazzarin, M. et al. (December 1995), "Visible Spectroscopy of Dark, Primitive Asteroids", Astronomical Journal 110: 3058–3072, Bibcode:1995AJ....110.3058L, doi:10.1086/117747. 
  6. ^ Marchis, F. et al. (November 2006), "Shape, size and multiplicity of main-belt asteroids. I. Keck Adaptive Optics survey", Icarus 185 (1): 39–63, Bibcode:2006Icar..185...39M, doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2006.06.001, PMC 2600456, PMID 19081813.