1761 in Great Britain
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Events from the year 1761 in Great Britain.
- 16 January - In India, general Sir Eyre Coote captures Pondicherry from the French.
- 9 March - Hexham Riot ("Bloody Monday"): a crowd protesting at enlistment to the militia in Hexham (Northumberland) is fired on by members of the North Yorkshire Militia with around 45 killed and many more wounded.
- 25 March–5 May - A general election is held. The Whig party retains its majority.
- 15 July–16 July - Seven Years' War: a combined Prussian-Hanoverian-British force led by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats a large French army at the Battle of Villinghausen.
- 17 July - James Brindley completes the Bridgewater Canal from Worsley to Manchester.
- 15 August - Seven Years' War: France and Spain sign the Pacte de Famille forming an alliance against Britain.
- September - Secretary of State for the Southern Department William Pitt the Elder fails to garner support to declare war of Spain.
- 8 September - King George III marries Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz at St. James Palace.
- 14 October - Great Malvern Tornado.
- 22 September - Coronation of King George III.
- 5 October - Pitt resigns as Secretary of State for the Southern Department. The Tory The Earl of Bute forms a new administration.
- Industrial Revolution: Establishment of Matthew Boulton's Soho Manufactory near Birmingham to serve the "Birmingham toy industry", considered as the first factory for the production of metal goods in Britain.
- Buckingham Palace, London, sold to George III; remodelling as a house for Queen Charlotte will begin the following year.
- The village of Nuneham Courtenay in Oxfordshire is demolished and rebuilt on a new site by Simon, Earl Harcourt to improve the landscaping of Nuneham House.
- 17 January - James Hall, geologist (died 1832)
- 13 March - Henry Shrapnel, British Army officer and inventor (died 1842)
- 7 June - John Rennie the Elder, civil engineer (died 1821)
- 27 October - Matthew Baillie, physician and pathologist (died 1823)
- 13 November - John Moore, general (died 1809)
- 30 November - Smithson Tennant, chemist (died 1815)
- 4 January - Stephen Hales, physiologist, chemist, and inventor (born 1677)
- 10 January - Edward Boscawen, admiral (born 1711)
- 9 April - William Law, minister (born 1686)
- 15 April - Archibald Campbell, Duke of Argyll, politician (born 1682)
- 17 April
- 14 May - Thomas Simpson, mathematician (born 1710)
- 4 July - Samuel Richardson, writer (born 1689)
- 30 November - John Dollond, optician (born 1706)
- 23 December - Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Jacobite spy (born c.1725)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 320–321. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Smith, D. W. (January 1980). "The Hexham Riot". Northumberland and Durham Family History Society Journal 5 (2).
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 222–224. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Historical Chronicle, Oct. 1761". Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Chronicle 31: 477. October 1761. OCLC 173346685.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Gale, W. K. V. (1952). Boulton, Watt and the Soho Undertakings. City of Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery.
- Harris, John; de Bellaigue, Geoffrey; Millar, Oliver (1968). Buckingham Palace. London: Nelson. p. 24. ISBN 0-17-141011-4.
- Lobel, Mary D., ed. (1957). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 5: Bullingdon Hundred. Oxford University Press. pp. 234–249.
- Leavis, Q.D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (rev. ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.