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This article is about the year 1762.
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1730s 1740s 1750s – 1760s – 1770s 1780s 1790s|
|Years:||1759 1760 1761 – 1762 – 1763 1764 1765|
|1762 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2515|
|British Regnal year||2 Geo. 3 – 3 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar||辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4458 or 4398
— to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
4459 or 4399
|- Vikram Samvat||1818–1819|
|- Shaka Samvat||1684–1685|
|- Kali Yuga||4863–4864|
|Japanese calendar||Hōreki 12
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||150 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2304–2305|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1762.|
- January 4 – Britain declares war on Spain and Naples.
- January 5 – Empress Elisabeth of Russia dies and is succeeded by her nephew Peter III. Peter, an admirer of Frederick the Great, immediately opens peace negotiations with the Prussians.
- February 5 – The Great Holocaust of the Sikhs is carried out by the forces of Ahmed Shah Abdali in Punjab. In all, around 30,000 men, women and children perish in this campaign of slaughter.
- May 15 – The Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1762) ends the war between Russia and Prussia.
- May 22 – The Treaty of Hamburg takes Sweden out of the war against Prussia.
- June 24 – Battle of Wilhelmsthal: The Anglo-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats the French forces in Westphalia. The British commander Lord Granby distinguishes himself.
- July 9 – Catherine II becomes empress of Russia upon the deposition of her husband Peter III. The incipient Russo-Prussian alliance falls apart, but Russia does not rejoin the war.
- July 21 – Battle of Burkersdorf: In his last major battle, Frederick defeats Marshal Daun in Silesia.
- August 13 – Seven Years' War: The Battle of Havana concludes after more than two months with the surrender of Havana by Spain to Great Britain.
- September – Empress Go-Sakuramachi succeeds her brother Emperor Momozono on the throne of Japan.
- September 15 – Battle of Signal Hill: British troops defeat the French.
- September 24–October 5 – Battle of Manila: Troops of the British East India Company take Manila from the Spanish, leading to the British occupation of Manila and its being made an open port.
- October 29 – Battle of Freiberg: Prince Henry of Prussia, Frederick's brother, defeats the Austrian army of Marshal Serbelloni.
- November 13 – Treaty of Fontainebleau, a secret agreement in which Louis XV of France cedes Louisiana (New France) to Charles III of Spain.
- Louis XV orders the construction of the Petit Trianon, in the park of the Palace of Versailles, for his mistress Madame de Pompadour.
- Neolin, a Delaware tribe prophet, begins to preach in America.
- The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates Kingston, named for King George III of the United Kingdom, as the county seat of Dobbs County, North Carolina. The name is later shortened to Kinston in 1784.
- The town of Charlottesville, Virginia, is founded.
- Building of the Plymouth Synagogue in Plymouth, England, the oldest built by Ashkenazi Jews in the English-speaking world.
- French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes his famous books, The Social Contract and Émile, or On Education
- James Stuart and Nicholas Revett's architectural treatise Antiquities of Athens.
- April 29 – Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)
- May 19 – Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1814)
- August 12 – King George IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1830)
- September 11 – Joanna Baillie, Scottish writer (d. 1851)
- October 1 – Anton Bernolák, Slovak linguist (d. 1813)
- October 12 – Jan Willem Janssens, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1838)
- October 21 – Herman Willem Daendels, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1818)
- October 23 – Samuel Morey, American inventor (d. 1843)
- October 30 – André Chénier, French writer (d. 1794)
- November 1 – Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1812)
- January 5 – Empress Elizabeth of Russia (b. 1709)
- January 11 – Louis-François Roubiliac, French sculptor (b. 1695)
- February 11 – Johann Tobias Krebs, German composer (b. 1690)
- February 12 – Laurent Belissen, French composer (b. 1693)
- February 20 – Tobias Mayer, German astronomer (b. 1723)
- March 21 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (b. 1713)
- May 26 – Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)
- June 17
- June 19 – Johann Ernst Eberlin, German composer (b. 1702)
- July 13 – James Bradley, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1693)
- July 28 – George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (b. 1691)
- August 20 – Shah Waliullah, Islamic reformer (b. 1703)
- August 21 – Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (b. 1689)
- August 31 – Emperor Momozono of Japan (b. 1741)
- September 17 – Francesco Geminiani, Italian composer (b. 1687)
- October 6 – Francesco Manfredini, Italian composer (b. 1684)