1766 in science
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|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1756 . 1757 . 1758 . 1759 . 1760 . 1761 . 1762 ...
1763 1764 1765 -1766- 1767 1768 1769
... 1770 . 1771 . 1772 . 1773 . 1774 . 1775 . 1776 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- Lagrange submits a paper on the movements of Jupiter's satellites to the French Academy of Sciences.
- Moses Harris publishes The Aurelian, or, Natural History of English Insects; Namely, Moths and Butterflies.
- Henry Cavendish publishes his paper "On Factitious Airs". This is generally credited as showing the discovery of hydrogen, since it describes the density of 'inflammable air', which forms water on combustion.
- Pierre Macquer publishes his Dictionnaire de chymie.
- November 15 – Louis Antoine de Bougainville leaves Nantes for a three-year circumnavigation of the world with the ships La Boudeuse and Étoile; the botanist Philibert Commerçon is on board.
- Arima Yoriyuki finds a rational approximation of , correct to 29 digits.
- Euler gives up his post as director of mathematics at the Prussian Academy of Sciences and returns to Saint Petersburg. On the recommendation of Euler and d'Alembert, Lagrange succeeds him in Berlin, where he will stay for over twenty years.
- The Cranege brothers experiment with the use of the reverberatory furnace for the production of wrought iron from cast iron using coal fuel at the Coalbrookdale iron works under the sponsorship of Richard Reynolds in England.
- July 6 – Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born ornithologist (died 1813)
- August 3 – Kurt Sprengel, German botanist (died 1833)
- August 6 – William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist (died 1828)
- September 6 – John Dalton, English chemist and physicist (died 1844)
- September 24 – John Farey, English geologist (died 1826)
- December 26 – William Goforth, American physician and paleontologist (died 1817)
- December 29 – Charles Macintosh, Scottish inventor of a waterproof fabric (died 1843)