1770s

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 17th century18th century19th century
Decades: 1740s 1750s 1760s1770s1780s 1790s 1800s
Years: 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779
Categories: BirthsDeathsArchitecture
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of events occurring in the 1770s, ordered by year.

1770[edit]

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1771[edit]

January–June[edit]

Plague Riot in Moscow, 1771

July–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

The Putuo Zongcheng Temple complex in Chengde, China is completed.

1772[edit]

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

1773[edit]

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]


1774[edit]

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1775[edit]

Summary[edit]

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to parliament on November 10. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 – September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when, on the western side of the North American continent, Tseax Cone erupts in the future British Columbia, as well as when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England. Smallpox was then cured by Edward Jenner.

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

August 18: Tucson is founded.

Date unknown[edit]

1776[edit]

January–February[edit]

March–April[edit]

May–June[edit]

July–August[edit]

July 4: American Declaration of Independence.

September–October[edit]

September 22: British hang spy Nathan Hale in New York City.

November–December[edit]

1777[edit]

January–June[edit]

June 14: US Flag (had various star patterns)

July–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1778[edit]

January–June[edit]

July–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

1779[edit]

January–June[edit]

Benedict Arnold

July–December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

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  13. ^ "Icons, a portrait of England 1750-1800". Archived from the original on 17 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-25. 
  14. ^ a b de Madriaga, Isabel (January 1974). "Catherine II and the Serfs: A Reconsideration of Some Problems". The Slavonic and East European Review 52 (126): 34–62. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  15. ^ "Battles of Lexington and Concord", Britannica Student Encyclopedia, 2006: 454, "The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord." 
  16. ^ Leamon, James S. Revolution Downeast: The War for American Independence in Maine (1995) University of Massachusetts Press pp.62-67
  17. ^ Scherer, F. M. (1965). "Invention and Innovation in the Watt-Boulton Steam-Engine Venture". Technology and Culture 6: 165–87. JSTOR 3101072. 
  18. ^ "The Invention of the Steam Engine: The Life of James Watt. Part 4: The Steam Engine Gains Popularity". About.com Inventors. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  19. ^ "Timeline of the American Revolutionary War". Independence Hall. Archived from the original on 30 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-01. 
  20. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0. 
  21. ^ Saunt, Claudio (2014). West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776, p. 95. W. W. Norton & Company, New York. ISBN 9780393240207.
  22. ^ Saunt, Claudio (2014). West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776, p. 27. W. W. Norton & Company, New York. ISBN 9780393240207.
  23. ^ Rice, Hank, Footnotes in History, "The First Salute." Sons of the American Revolution, June, 2000.
  24. ^ Bookin-Weiner, Jerome B. (1990). "The Origins of Moroccan American Relations". In Bookin-Weiner, Jerome B.; El Mansour, Mohammed (ed.). The Atlantic Connection: 200 Years of Moroccan-American Relations 1786-1986. Edino Press. p. 20. 
  25. ^ US history.org
  26. ^ "The Present State of the West-Indies: Containing an Accurate Description of What Parts Are Possessed by the Several Powers in Europe". World Digital Library. 1778. Retrieved 2013-08-30. 
  27. ^ "Icons, a portrait of England 1750-1800". Retrieved 2007-08-27.