1771 in science
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|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1761 . 1762 . 1763 . 1764 . 1765 . 1766 . 1767 ...
1768 1769 1770 -1771- 1772 1773 1774
... 1775 . 1776 . 1777 . 1778 . 1779 . 1780 . 1781 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- Lagrange discusses how numerous astronomical observations should be combined so as to give the most probable result.
- August 17 – Edinburgh botanist James Robertson makes the first recorded ascent of Ben Nevis in Scotland.
- Lagrange publishes his second paper on the general process for solving an algebraic equation of any degree via Lagrange resolvents; and proves Wilson's theorem that if n is a prime, then (n − 1)! + 1 is always a multiple of n.
- March 15 – Society of Civil Engineers first meets (in London), the world's oldest engineering society.
- December 16 – French chemist Antoine Lavoisier (28) marries Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze, not yet 14 and daughter of his senior in the Ferme générale.
- Louis Antoine de Bougainville publishes Le voyage autour du monde, par la frégate La Boudeuse, et la flûte L'Étoile.
- Peter Simon Pallas begins publication of Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs, chronicling his ongoing scientific expedition through the Russian Empire.
- Arthur Young publishes The Farmer's Kalendar.
- April 13 – Richard Trevithick (died 1833), engineer and inventor.
- October 13 – Johann Fischer von Waldheim (died 1853), naturalist.
- November 6 – Alois Senefelder (died 1834), inventor of lithography.
- March 17 – Chester Moore Hall, English scientific instrument maker (born 1703)
- March 23 – Henry Hindley, English clock and scientific instrument maker (born c. 1701)
- December 15 – Benjamin Stillingfleet, English botanist (born 1702)