1773 in literature
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The year 1773 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- March 15 - First performance of Oliver Goldsmith's comedy She Stoops to Conquer at the Covent Garden Theatre in London.
- April 13 - Richard Brinsley Sheridan marries singer and actress Elizabeth Ann Linley.
- May 1 - Richard Wroughton takes the role of Prince Henry in Henry II, King of England by John Bancroft at Covent Garden.
- May 4 - Eibhlín Dubh Ní Chonaill composes the keen Caoineadh Airt Uí Laoghaire over the body of her husband Art Ó Laoghaire.
- August 6 - Samuel Johnson and James Boswell set out for their tour of the Western Isles of Scotland.
- Cláudio Manuel da Costa writes his epic poem Vila Rica, relating the history of the homonymous Brazilian city, modern-day Ouro Preto; it is not published until 1839.
- Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock publishes the last five cantos of his epic poem Der Messias in Hamburg.
- Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral by Phillis Wheatley, "Negro Servant to Mr. John Wheatley, of Boston, in New England", is published in London, the first book published by an African American.
- Christoph Martin Wieland begins publishing the influential literary monthly Der Teutsche Merkur in Weimar.
- Compilation of the Siku Quanshu ("Complete Library of the Four Treasuries") begins in Qing Dynasty China. The Wenjin Chamber is built at the Chengde Mountain Resort to accommodate a copy.
- Elizabeth Bonhote - The Fashionable Friend
- Calixto Bustamante Carlos ('Concolorcorvo') - Lazarillo de ciegos caminantes
- José Cadalso - Cartas marruecas
- Richard Graves - The Spiritual Quixote
- The History of Agathon (anonymous)
- Henry Mackenzie - The Man of the World
- Reason Triumphant Over Fancy (anonymous)
- Johann Karl Wezel - Lebensgeschichte Tobias Knauts, des Weisen, sonst der Stammler genannt: aus Familiennachrichten gesammelt ("The life story of Tobias Knaut the Wise, otherwise called the Stammerer"; publication begins)
- Charles Dibdin - The Deserter
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Götz von Berlichingen
- Oliver Goldsmith - She Stoops to Conquer
- John Home - Alonzo
- William Kenrick - The Duellist
- Henry Mackenzie - The Prince of Tunis
- Arthur Murphy - Alzuma
- Mercy Otis Warren - The Adulateur
- Cándido María Trigueros - El mísero y el pedante
- George Stevens (ed.) - The Plays of William Shakespeare
- Anna Laetitia Barbauld - Poems
- Thomas Day - The Dying Negro
- Robert Fergusson
- Auld Reikie
- Richard Graves - The Love of Order
- Edward Jerningham - Faldoni and Teresa
- George Keate - The Monument in Arcadia
- James Macpherson - The Iliad
- Hannah More - A Search After Happiness
- Thomas Scott - Lyric Poems
- Phillis Wheatley - Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral
- John Wolcot - Persian Love Elegies
- José Cadalso - Ocios de mi juventud
- Anna Laetitia Barbauld and John Aikin - Miscellaneous Pieces
- Patrick Brydone - A Tour Through Sicily and Malta
- James Burnett, Lord Monboddo - Of the Origin and Progress of Language
- Charles Burney - The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and United Provinces
- Hester Chapone - Letters on the Improvement of the Mind
- David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes - Remarks on the History of Scotland
- Antoine Court de Gébelin - Le Monde primitif is started to be published
- John Hawkesworth - An Account of the Voyages for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere
- Thomas Leland - The History of Ireland, from the invasion of Henry II
- William Melmoth - Cato
- Louis-Sébastien Mercier - L'Essai sur l'art dramatique
- John Scott - Observations on the Present State of the Parochial and Vagrant Poor
- José Cadalso - Apuntaciones autobiográficas
- Tomás de Iriarte - Los literatos en Cuaresm`
- April 9 - Étienne Aignan, translator, librettist and dramatist (died 1824)
- May 19 - Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi, Swiss scholar of literature, history and economics (died 1842)
- August 21 - Jens Christian Djurhuus, Faroese poet (died 1853)
- October 1 - Peter Kaiser, statesman and historian (died 1864)
- October 23 - Francis Jeffrey, jurist and critic (died 1850)
- December 9 - Marianne Ehrenström, musician and writer (died 1867)
- January 21 - Alexis Piron, French dramatist and epigrammatist (born 1689)
- April 20 - Hubert-François Gravelot, French book illustrator (born 1699)
- April 25 - Daniele Farlati, ecclesiastical historian (born 1690)
- May 15 - Alban Butler, hagiographer (born 1710)
- July 5 - Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (born 1719)
- August 3 - Stanisław Konarski, Polish teacher, political writer, poet and dramatist (born 1700)
- August 20 - Enrique Florez, historian (born 1729)
- September 18 - John Cunningham, Irish poet, dramatist and actor (born 1729)
- November 16 - John Hawkesworth, poet and editor (born c.1715)
- "She Stoops to Conquer or The Mistakes of a Night". theatrehistory.com. Archived from the original on 14 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-25.
- "Richard Brinsley Sheridan". theatrehistory.com. Retrieved 2013-02-03.
- Broderick, Marian (2002). Wild Irish Women. Dublin: O'Brien Press. pp. 65–7. ISBN 978-0-86278-780-6.
- Tisdall, Nigel (2009-06-03). "Dr Johnson's Scotland: in the Western Isles". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2013-02-03.
- Scherer, Wilhelm (1886). A History of German Literature 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 46.