1775 in Canada
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Events from the year 1775 in Canada.
- 1775-83: Demands by the American colonists that they be represented in the British Parliament lead to the outbreak of the American Revolution.
- April 19 - The American War of Independence begins, at Lexington.
- May 1 - A bust of George III is found, in Montreal, adorned with beads, cross, and mitre, with the words "Pope of Canada: Sot of England." A reward of 500 guineas does not lead to apprehension of the culprit.
- May 10 - Ethan Allen takes Fort Ticonderoga.
- June 9 - Martial law is proclaimed in Canada.
- August 21 - Generals Schuyler and Richard Montgomery, with 1,000 Americans come to Canada, and invite the inhabitants to rebel.
- September 17 - Montgomery besieges St. Johns.
- September 25 - Attempting to take Montreal, Ethan Allan and many of his 150 followers are captured, at Longue Pointe, and are sent to England.
- October 18 - The Americans capture Chambly.
- November 3 - Hindered by Colonel Warner, of Vermont, Governor Guy Carleton cannot relieve St. Johns, which surrenders to Montgomery.
- November 3 - Invaders, under Benedict Arnold, reach the Chaudière, almost perishing, after 52 days in the woods, from the Kennebec.
- November 12 - General Montgomery tells Montrealers that, being defenceless, they cannot stipulate terms; but promises to respect personal rights. He demands the keys of public stores, and appoints 9 a.m. tomorrow for the army's entrance, by the Recollet gate.
- November 13 - The invaders appropriate royal stores.
- Daniel Boone leads party of settlers into Kentucky.
- Lexington and Concord open the Revolution.
- James Cook reaches King Island, Norton Sound, Unalaska.
- American troops capture Montreal, but, failing to take Quebec City or elicit local support, soon withdraw.
- April 13 or 16 - Charles James Stewart, clergyman of the Church of England, bishop, and politician (d.1837)
- April 25 - William Warren Baldwin, doctor, militia officer, jp, lawyer, office holder, judge, businessman, and politician (d.1844)
- May 24 - Matthew Whitworth-Aylmer, 5th Baron Aylmer, army officer and colonial administrator (d.1850)
- September 13 - Laura Secord, heroine of the War of 1812 (d.1868)
- January 3: Robert Campbell, merchant and political figure in Nova Scotia. (b.1718)
- November 3: Juan José Pérez Hernández, naval officer and explorer (b.1725)
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