177P/Barnard

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177P/Barnard
Discovery
Discovered by Edward Emerson Barnard
Discovery date June 24, 1889
Alternative
designations
177P/1889 M1; 1889 III; 1889c; 177P/2006 M3
Orbital characteristics A
Epoch August 13, 2006
(JD 2453960.5)
Aphelion 47.232 AU
Perihelion 1.1077 AU
Semi-major axis 24.170 AU
Eccentricity 0.95416
Orbital period 118.83 yr
Inclination 31.161°
Last perihelion August 28, 2006[1]
Next perihelion April 13, 2127[2][3][4]
April 21, 2127[1]

Comet 177P/Barnard, also known as Barnard 2, is a periodic comet with an orbital period of 119 years. It fits the classical definition of a Halley-type comet with (20 years < period < 200 years).[5]

The comet, also designated P/2006 M3, discovered by Edward Emerson Barnard on June 24, 1889, and was re-discovered after 116 years.[6] On July 19, 2006, 177P came within 0.36 AU of the Earth.[7] From late July through September 2006 it was brighter than expected at 8th magnitude in the constellations Hercules and then Draco. Perihelion was August 28, 2006.

Of Barnard's other two periodic comets, the first, D/1884 O1 (Barnard 1) was last seen on November 20, 1884 and is thought to have disintegrated. The last, 206P/Barnard-Boattini marked the beginning of a new era in cometary astronomy, as it was the first to be discovered by photography. It was a lost comet after 1892, until accidentally rediscovered on October 7, 2008 by Andrea Boattini.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Seiichi Yoshida (calculated by Kazuo Kinoshita). "177P/Barnard 2". Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-15. 
  2. ^ Syuichi Nakano (2006-10-01). "177P/Barnard 2 (NK 1369)". OAA Computing and Minor Planet Sections. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  3. ^ "177P/Barnard Orbit". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2014-06-20. 
  4. ^ "Horizon Online Ephemeris System". California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Soln.date: 2009-Nov-04. Retrieved 2011-03-15. 
  5. ^ "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 177P/Barnard". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 2006-12-11 last obs. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  6. ^ Naoyuki Kurita. "Comet Barnard 2 on Aug 4, 2006". Stellar Scenes. Retrieved 2006-09-01. 
  7. ^ "177P/Barnard". Kazuo Kinoshita. 2006-11-18. Retrieved 2007-01-06. 

External links[edit]

Periodic comets (by number)
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176P/LINEAR
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178P/Hug-Bell