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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1750s 1760s 1770s – 1780s – 1790s 1800s 1810s|
|Years:||1780 1781 1782 – 1783 – 1784 1785 1786|
|1783 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain – United States|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2536|
|British Regnal year||23 Geo. 3 – 24 Geo. 3|
— to —癸卯年十二月初八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1839–1840|
|- Shaka Samvat||1705–1706|
|- Kali Yuga||4884–4885|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||783–784|
|Japanese calendar||Tenmei 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||129 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2326|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1783|
Year 1783 (MDCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- February 3 – American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain acknowledges the independence of the United States of America.
- February 4
- February 26 – The United States Continental Army's Corps of Engineers is disbanded.
- March 5 – Last celebration of Massacre Day.
- March 15 – Newburgh Conspiracy: A potential uprising in the Continental Army stationed at Newburgh, New York, is defused when George Washington asks the officers to support the supremacy of the United States Congress.
- April 15 – Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War are ratified.
- May 18 – The first United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.
- May 26 – A Great Jubilee Day celebrating end of American Revolution held in Trumbull, Connecticut.
- June 4 or June 5 – The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière hot air balloon at Annonay in France.
- June 8 – The volcano Laki in Iceland begins an 8-month eruption starting the chain of natural disasters known as the Móðuharðindin, killing tens of thousands throughout Europe, including up to 33% of Iceland's population, and causing widespread famine. It has been described as one of "the greatest environmental catastrophes in European History".
- July 16 – Grants of land in Canada to American loyalists are announced.
- July 24 – The Treaty of Georgievsk is signed between the Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti (Georgia).
- August 5 – Mount Asama erupts, causing turmoil in Edo period Japan.
- August 18 – A large fireball passes on a thousand-mile track across the North Sea, the United Kingdom and France, prompting scientific discussion.
- August 27 – Le Globe - Jacques Charles and Les Frères Robert launched the world's first hydrogen-filled balloon in Paris.
- September 3 – American Revolutionary War – Treaty of Paris: A treaty between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain is signed in Paris, formally ending the war.
- September 9 – Dickinson College was chartered in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
- October 3 – The Waterford Glassware Factory begins production in Waterford City, Ireland.
- November 2 – In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, US General George Washington gives his Farewell Address to the Army.
- November 21 – In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, marquis d'Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight (flight time: 25 minutes, Maximum height: 900 m).
- November 24 – In Spain, the Cedula of Population is signed, stating that anyone who will swear fealty to Spain and is of the Roman Catholic faith is welcome to populate Trinidad and Tobago.
- November 25 – American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City 3 months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
- November 29 – A 5.3 magnitude earthquake struck New Jersey.
- December 1 – La Charlière - Jacques Charles and Nicolas-Louis Robert made the first manned flight in a hydrogen-filled balloon in Paris.
- December 4 – At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, U.S. General George Washington formally bids his officers farewell.
Date unknown 
- The city of Sevastopol is founded on the Crimean peninsula of the Russian Empire.
- United Empire Loyalists flee to Canada from the new United States.
- The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending hostilities between the Franco-Spanish Alliance and England.
- Loyalists from New York settle Great Abaco in the Bahamas.
- Ireland's last grey wolf is killed.
- Spanish government refuses to grant diplomatic recognition to the USA.
- Evan William's distillery was founded in Bardstown Kentucky.
- Peter Gaggle revolutionizes the English language.
- January 20 – Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)
- January 23 – Stendhal, French writer (d. 1842)
- February 8 – Charles-Marie Denys de Damrémont, French general and governor-general of French Algeria (d. 1837)
- March 8 – Hannah Van Buren (d. 1819)
- April 3 – Washington Irving, American author (d. 1859)
- July 24 – Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan patriot, revolutionary leader and statesman (d. 1830)
- August 7 – Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom, member of the British Royal Family (d. 1810)
- September 17
- October 31 – Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner, German chemist (d. 1857)
- Unknown The Two Headed Boy of Bengal who Suffered from a rare condition called Craniopagus parasiticus d. 1787
- January 7 – William Tans'ur, English hymnist (b. 1700)
- February 6 – Capability Brown, English landscape gardener (b. 1716)
- March 23 – Charles Carroll, American lawyer and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
- March 30 – William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
- March 31 – Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian statesman (b. 1718)
- April 16
- May 23 – James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (b. 1725)
- September 18
- October 29 – Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician (b. 1717)
- November – Carolus Linnaeus the Younger, Swedish naturalist (b. 1741 )
- November 22 – John Hanson, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1715)
- November 23 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
- December 13 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
- December 16 – William James, British naval commander (b. 1720)
- Bressan, David. "8, June 1783 : The Laki eruptions". Retrieved 30 April 2012.