1795 English cricket season

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In the 1795 English cricket season, the enigmatic Thursday Club made its bow. But Samuel Britcher says it was the Middlesex county XI.

Matches[edit]

Date Match Title Venue Source Result
4–5 May (M-Tu) MCC v Thursday Club ^ Lord's (Dorset Square) SB178 MCC won by 2 wkts
11–12 May (M-Tu) MCC v Thursday Club ^ Lord's (Dorset Square) SB178 Thursday Club won by 8 wkts
12–14 May (Tu-Th) MCC v Thursday Club ^ Lord's (Dorset Square) SB17 Thursday Club won by 38 runs

^ The teams consist of recognised players and there is historical significance so these are major fixtures. The Thursday Club is often called Middlesex and it is difficult to work out which is which as many of the same players represented both teams. It would be an easy option to label all these teams Middlesex but not necessarily correct.

25–27 May (M-W) MCC v Thursday Club/Middlesex Lord's (Dorset Square) SB180 MCC won by 94 runs
1–3 June (M-W) C Lennox v Earl of Winchilsea Lord's (Dorset Square) SB181 Lennox's XI won by 48 runs
9–11 June (Tu-Th) C Lennox v Earl of Winchilsea Lord's (Dorset Square) SB181 Lennox's XI won by 10 wkts
15 June (M) Bullingdon v MCC # Bullingdon SB182 MCC won by 8 wkts
16–17 June (Tu-Th) Frensham v Bramshot # Wheatsheaf Common SB182 drawn (rain)
16–17 June (Tu-Th) Oxford XVI v MCC XII # Bullingdon SB183 MCC won by 9 wkts
22–25 June (M-Th) MCC v All-England Lord's (Dorset Square) SB184 MCC won by 15 runs
26 & 29 June (F & M) MCC v Thursday Club/Middlesex Lord's (Dorset Square) SB185 T/M won by 3 wkts
2–3 July (Th-F) MCC v Bullingdon # Lord's (Dorset Square) SB185 MCC won by innings & 382 runs

# Some games in S&B and the ACS list are not major due to lack of recognised players. These include the MCC games against Bullingdon and the Frensham v Bramshot game played in Hampshire.

6–8 July (M-W) Surrey v All-England XIII Moulsey Hurst SB186 Surrey won by 76 runs
8–10 July (W-F) Lennox v Earl of Winchilsea Moulsey Hurst SB187 Lennox won by 129 runs
16–18 July (Th-S) Middlesex v Berkshire Lord's (Dorset Square) SB187 Middlesex won by 233 runs
20–22 July (M-W) Earl of Winchilsea v R Leigh Windmill Down SB188 Winchilsea's XI won by 113 runs
23–25 July (Th-S) Earl of Winchilsea v R Leigh Stoke Down SB188 Leigh's XI won by 3 wkts

This match was unfinished at 25 July but through the sheer determination of the participants, it was eventually concluded on Tuesday 28 June 1796, nearly a whole year later!

6-7 Aug (Th-F) MCC v Berkshire Lord's (Dorset Square) SB189 MCC won by 2 wkts
10-12 Aug (M-W) Surrey v All-England XIII Moulsey Hurst SB190 All-England won by 38 runs
12-15 Aug (W-S) Surrey v All-England XIII Moulsey Hurst SB190 All-England won by 27 runs
24-26 Aug (M-W) All-England v Hampshire Dartford Brent SB191 All-England won by 16 runs
27-29 Aug (Th-S) All-England v Hampshire Dartford Brent SB191 Hampshire won by 4 wkts

This may have been the last time Dartford Brent was used for a major match. Games in Dartford after 1795 were played at Bowman's Lodge on Dartford Heath.

31 Aug - 2 Sept (M-W) Kent v All-England Penenden Heath, nr Maidstone SB193 All-England won by 5 wkts
7-10 Sept (M-Th) Sir H Mann v R Leigh Dandelion Paddock SB193 Mann's XI won by 37 runs

This match is given a 1796 date in WDC and is titled J Small v T Walker. The 1795 details are believed correct. Dandelion Paddock was near Margate.

10-12 Sept (Th-S) Sir H Mann v Earl of Darnley Dandelion Paddock SB194 Darnley's XI won by 242 runs
14-16 Sept (M-W) Sir H Mann v R Leigh Dandelion Paddock SB195 Leigh's XI won by innings & 98 runs

First mentions[edit]

Leading batsmen[edit]

Note that many scorecards in the 18th century are unknown or have missing details and so it is impossible to provide a complete analysis of batting performances: e.g., the missing not outs prevent computation of batting averages. The "runs scored" are in fact the runs known.

John Hammond scored 800 runs, easily the highest season total to date. Robert Robinson scored 768.

Others who scored more than 300 runs were Tom Walker with 661; William Beldham 538; Henry Tufton and his brother John Tufton who both scored 416; Jack Small 415; Harry Walker 366; Joey Ring 364; and Thomas Ray 337

Leading bowlers[edit]

Note that the wickets credited to an 18th-century bowler were only those where he bowled the batsman out. The bowler was not credited with the wickets of batsmen who were caught out, even if it was "caught and bowled". In addition, the runs conceded by each bowler were not recorded so no analyses or averages can be computed.

Thomas Boxall with 60 wickets was the leading bowler in 1795

Other good performances were by David Harris 51; Thomas Lord 40; John Wells 38; Tom Walker 33; Charles Cumberland 27; Richard Purchase 22; Lord Frederick Beauclerk 21; William Beldham 20; John Hammond 20; Sylvester 14; Robert Turner 13

Leading fielders[edit]

Note that many scorecards in the 18th century are unknown or have missing details and so the totals are of the known catches and stumpings only. Stumpings were not always recorded as such and sometimes the name of the wicket-keeper was not given. Generally, a catch was given the same status as "bowled" with credit being awarded to the fielder only and not the bowler. There is never a record of "caught and bowled": the bowler would be credited with the catch, not with the wicket.

To supplement his outstanding season with the bat, John Hammond took 37 catches and 12 stumpings

William Beldham was the second best fielder with 30 ct 1 st. Others who performed well were Thomas Ray and Harry Walker with 29 and 26 catches respectively.

The Tufton brothers, Henry and John, between them took 33 catches and 1 stumping but in most cases it is not known which of them took the catch. Henry definitely caught 8 and John definitely caught 6, while it was almost certainly Henry who performed the stumping, but the other 19 catches are simply "c Tufton"!

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ashley-Cooper, F. S. (1924). Hambledon Cricket Chronicle 1772–1796. Jenkins. 
  • Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell. 
  • Haygarth, Arthur (1862). Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744–1826). Lillywhite. 
  • Mote, Ashley (1997). The Glory Days of Cricket. Robson. 
  • Nyren, John (1998). Ashley Mote, ed. The Cricketers of my Time. Robson. 
  • Waghorn, H. T. (1906). The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press. 
  • Wilson, Martin (2005). An Index to Waghorn. Bodyline. 

Additional reading[edit]

  • ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS. 
  • Altham, H. S. (1962). A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914). George Allen & Unwin. 
  • Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. Aurum. 
  • Bowen, Rowland (1970). Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development. Eyre & Spottiswoode. 
  • Britcher, Samuel, A list of all the principal Matches of Cricket that have been played (1790 to 1805), annual series
  • Buckley, G. B. (1937). Fresh Light on pre-Victorian Cricket. Cotterell. 
  • McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society. 
  • Major, John (2007). More Than A Game. HarperCollins. 
  • Underdown, David (2000). Start of Play. Allen Lane. 

External links[edit]