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This article is about the year 1796.
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1760s 1770s 1780s – 1790s – 1800s 1810s 1820s|
|Years:||1793 1794 1795 – 1796 – 1797 1798 1799|
|1796 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Australia – Canada – France – Great Britain – United States|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2549|
|Bahá'í calendar||−48 – −47|
|British Regnal year||36 Geo. 3 – 37 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar||乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4492 or 4432
— to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4493 or 4433
|- Vikram Samvat||1852–1853|
|- Shaka Samvat||1718–1719|
|- Kali Yuga||4897–4898|
|Japanese calendar||Kansei 8
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||116 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2339|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1796.|
- January 16 – The first Dutch (and general) elections are held for the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic (the next Dutch general elections are held in 1888).
- February 1 – The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
- February 9 – The Qianlong Emperor of China abdicates at age 84 to make way for his son, the Jiaqing Emperor.
- February 16 – The Kingdom of Great Britain is granted control of Ceylon by the Dutch.
- March 9 – Widow Joséphine de Beauharnais marries General Napoléon Bonaparte.
- March 30 – Carl Gauss obtains conditions for the constructibility by ruler and compass of regular polygons, and is able to announce that the regular 17-gon is constructible by ruler and compasses.
- April 2 – The only night of the supposed Shakespearean play Vortigern and Rowena (actually written by William Henry Ireland) ends in the audience's laughter.
- April 12 – War of the First Coalition – Battle of Montenotte: Napoleon Bonaparte gains his first victory as an army commander.
- April 27 – Case of the Lyons Mail: During the night, five highwaymen attack the mail between Paris and Lyon, kill the postmen and steal the funds sent to the armies in Italy.
- May 10
- May 14 – Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox vaccination, in England.
- May 15 – Napoleon's troops take Milan.
- May 20 – The last mock Garrat Elections are held in Surrey, England.
- June 1 – Tennessee is admitted as the 16th U.S. state.
- June 21 – British explorer Mungo Park becomes the first European to reach the Niger River.
- July 10 – Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most 3 triangular numbers.
- July 11 – The United States takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under the terms of the Jay Treaty.
- July 21 – Mungo Park reaches Ségou, the capital of the Bamana Empire.
- July 22 – Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
- August 4 – French Revolutionary Wars – Battle of Lonato: The French Army of Italy under Napoleon crushes an Austrian brigade.
- August 9 – Opening to traffic of the Wearmouth Bridge in England, designed by Thomas Paine in cast iron. Its span of 72 m (237 feet) makes it the world's longest single-span vehicular bridge extant at this date.
- August 19 – By the Second Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain and France form an alliance against Great Britain.
- September 8 – French Revolutionary Wars – Battle of Bassano: French forces defeat Austrian troops in the Veneto.
- September 17 – U.S. President George Washington issues his Farewell Address, which warns against partisan politics and foreign entanglements.
- November 3 – John Adams defeats Thomas Jefferson in the U.S. presidential election.
- November 4 – The Treaty of Tripoli (between the United States and Tripoli) is signed at Tripoli (see also 1797).
- November 6 (O.S.) – Catherine II of Russia (called Catherine The Great) dies and is succeeded by her son Paul I of Russia. His wife Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg becomes Empress consort.
- November 12 – Groton, New Hampshire is incorporated as a town.
- November 17 – French Revolutionary Wars – Battle of Arcole: French forces defeat the Austrians in Italy.
- December – The British government begins work on a 40-acre (162,000 m²) site at Norman Cross for the world's first purpose-built prisoner-of-war camp.
- December 7 – The U.S. Electoral College meets to elect John Adams president of the United States.
- Spanish government lifts the restrictions against neutrals trading with the colonies, thus acknowledging Spain's inability to supply the colonies with needed goods and markets.
- Jane Austen writes her first draft of Pride and Prejudice, under the title First Impressions. The book will not be published until 1813.
- Robert Burns' version of the Scots poem Auld Lang Syne is first published, in this year's volume of The Scots Musical Museum.
- Annual British iron production reaches 125,000 tons.
- January 25 – William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (d. 1852)
- February 22 – Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1874)
- March 18 – Jakob Steiner, Swiss mathematician (d. 1863)
- May 1 – Junius Brutus Booth, English actor (d. 1852)
- May 4 – Horace Mann, American educator and abolitionist (d. 1859)
- June 12 – George Bush (biblical scholar), professor of Asian languages (d. 1859)
- June 14 – Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician of Czech origin (d. 1866)
- July 6 – Emperor Nicholas I of Russia (d. 1855)
- July 16 – Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter (d. 1875)
- July 23 – Franz Berwald, Swedish composer (d. 1868)
- August 15 – John Torrey, American botanist (d. 1873)
- August 25 – James Lick, American land speculator (d. 1876)
- September 19 – Hartley Coleridge, British poet (d. 1849)
- September 22 – David Canabarro, Brazilian Gaúcho rebel revolutionary (d. 1867)
- September 25 – Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (d. 1875)
- October 23 – Stefano Franscini, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1857)
- November 30 – Carl Loewe, German composer (d. 1869)
- December 17 – Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian author (d. 1865)
- December 19 – Breton de los Herreros, Spanish playwright (d. 1873)
- December 27 – Mirza Ghalib, Persian Poet of Urdu (d. 1869)
- January 13 – John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
- February 23 – Jean-Nicolas Stofflet, French royalist general (executed) (b. 1751)
- March 6 – Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (b. 1713)
- March 19 – Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
- May 12 – Johann Uz, German poet (b. 1720)
- May 29 – Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (b. 1720)
- June 6 – Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, French revolutionary (b. 1749)
- June 11 – Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician (b. 1720)
- June 21 – Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1710)
- June 26 – David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman, and public official. (b. 1732)
- June 30 – Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
- July 16 – George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)
- July 21 – Robert Burns, Scottish poet (b. 1759)
- August 1 – Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
- August 21 – John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware (b. 1721)
- September 21 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French revolutionary general (killed in battle) (b. 1769)
- October 7 – Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
- October 16 – Antoine-Joseph Pernety, French writer (b. 1716)
- November 6 – Empress Catherine II of Russia (b. 1729)
- date unknown – Carl Albert von Lespilliez, German draftsman, architect and printmaker (b. 1723)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 346. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Tyrrell, Henry Grattan (1911). History of Bridge Engineering. Chicago. pp. 153–154. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
- Troyano, Leonardo Fernández (2003). Bridge Engineering: a Global Perspective. London: Thomas Telford Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 0-7277-3215-3.
- "Sunderland Wearmouth Bridge". Wearside Online. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
- "Time Team help unearth world's first prisoner of war camp". Daily Mail (London). 2009-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- "Robert Burns - Auld Lang Syne". BBC. Retrieved 2012-01-26.