1796 in science

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The year 1796 in science and technology involved some significant events.

Astronomy[edit]

  • Pierre-Simon Laplace publishes Exposition du système du monde, his work on astronomy (mainly celestial mechanics) following Newton and Lagrange. He develops an analytical theory of tides, deduces the mass of the moon, improves calculation of cosmic orbits, and predicts that Saturn's rings will be found to rotate. Most notably, he propounds the modern nebular hypothesis, independently outlined by Kant.

Chemistry[edit]

  • Rev. James Parker is granted a patent in Britain for Roman cement ("A certain Cement or Terras to be used in Aquatic and other Buildings and Stucco Work").

Exploration[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Paleontology[edit]

  • April 4 - Georges Cuvier reads his paper Mémoires sur les espèces d'éléphants vivants et fossiles at the opening of the Institut National in Paris, demonstrating that species had become extinct.

Technology[edit]

Zoology[edit]

  • Pierre André Latreille publishes Précis des caractères génériques des insectes, disposés dans un ordre naturel.

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 346. ISBN 0-304-35730-8. 
  2. ^ Dunnington, G. Waldo (2004). Carl Friedrich Gauss: Titan of Science (new ed.). Washington, DC: Mathematical Association of America. ISBN 0-88385-538-0. OCLC 53933110. 
  3. ^ Hall, Tord (1970). Carl Friedrich Gauss: a Biography. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-08040-0. OCLC 185662235. 
  4. ^ Gauss, Carl Friedrich (1801). "§§365–366". Disquisitiones Arithmeticae. Leipzig. 
  5. ^ Waldman, Thomas A. (2003). "Immunotherapy: past, present and future" (PDF). Nature Medicine 9 (3): 269–277. doi:10.1038/nm0303-269. PMID 12612576. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-18. 
  6. ^ Graham, Patrick (2001). Phrenology: revealing the mysteries of the mind (videorecording (DVD)). Richmond Hill, Ont.: American Home Treasures. ISBN 0-7792-5135-0. 
  7. ^ "Benjamin Outram (1764–1805)". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-18. 
  8. ^ Brown, Peter. "Thomas Telford". Retrieved 2011-07-18. 
  9. ^ Tyrrell, Henry Grattan (1911). History of Bridge Engineering. Chicago. pp. 153–154. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  10. ^ Troyano, Leonardo Fernández (2003). Bridge Engineering: a Global Perspective. London: Thomas Telford Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 0-7277-3215-3. 
  11. ^ "Sunderland Wearmouth Bridge". Wearside Online. Retrieved 2011-08-16. 
  12. ^ Meggs, Philip B. (1998). A History of Graphic Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 146. ISBN 0-471-29198-6.