1798 in the United States
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|1798 in the United States|
|Years:||1795 1796 1797 – 1798 – 1799 1800 1801|
The Star Spangled Banner, 15 stars, 15 stripes (1795–1818)
Events from the year 1798 in the United States.
- President: John Adams (Federalist)
- Vice President: Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican)
- Chief Justice: Oliver Ellsworth
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Jonathan Dayton (Federalist-New Jersey)
- Congress: 5th
- Governor of Connecticut: Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. (Federalist)
- Governor of Delaware: Daniel Rogers (Federalist)
- Governor of Georgia: Jared Irwin (Democratic-Republican) (until January 12), James Jackson (Democratic-Republican) (starting January 12)
- Governor of Kentucky: James Garrard (Democratic-Republican)
- Governor of Maryland: John Henry (Democratic-Republican) (until November 14), Benjamin Ogle (Federalist) (starting November 14)
- Governor of Massachusetts: Increase Sumner (Federalist)
- Governor of New Hampshire: John Taylor Gilman (Federalist)
- Governor of New Jersey: Richard Howell (Federalist)
- Governor of New York: John Jay (Federalist)
- Governor of North Carolina: Samuel Ashe (Anti-Federalist) (until December 7), William Richardson Davie (Federalist) (starting December 7)
- Governor of Pennsylvania: Thomas Mifflin (no political party)
- Governor of Rhode Island: Arthur Fenner (Country)
- Governor of South Carolina: Charles Pinckney (Democratic-Republican)
- Governor of Tennessee: John Sevier (Democratic-Republican)
- Governor of Vermont: Isaac Tichenor (Federalist)
- Governor of Virginia: James Wood (Democratic-Republican)
- Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut: John Treadwell (Federalist)
- Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts: Moses Gill (political party unknown)
- Lieutenant Governor of New York: Stephen Van Rensselaer (political party unknown)
- Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island: Samuel J. Potter (Democratic-Republican)
- Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina: Robert Anderson (Democratic-Republican) (until December 18), John Drayton (Democratic-Republican) (starting December 18)
- Lieutenant Governor of Vermont: Paul Brigham (Democratic-Republican)
- February 15 – Federalist Congressman Roger Griswold of Connecticut attacks Vermont Representative Matthew Lyon with a walking stick in the chambers of the United States House of Representatives.
- March – The XYZ Affair begins, souring relations between the United States and France.
- April – U.S. House of Representatives elections begin in New York and continue into 1799.
- April 7 – The Mississippi Territory is organized from territory ceded by Georgia and South Carolina and is later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the U.S. and Spain.
- July 7 – Quasi-War: The United States Congress rescinds treaties with France, sparking the war.
- July 9 – Quasi-War: The Act Further to Protect the Commerce of the United States is approved by Congress, authorizing the President to use military force against France.
- July 11 – The United States Marine Corps is established by Congress (the Marine Corps had existed prior, see history of the United States Marine Corps).
- July 14 – The Alien and Sedition Acts become United States law, making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the United States government.
- July 16 – The Relief of Sick and Disabled Seamen Act is signed into law, creating the Marine Hospital Service, the forerunner to the current United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps.
- August 31/September 1 – The first bank robbery in United States history takes place at the Bank of Pennsylvania at Carpenters' Hall during the night or early morning. The robbers accessed the vault using a key and took US$162,821.
- September – Charles Brockden Brown publishes the first significant American novel, the Gothic fiction Wieland: or, The Transformation; an American Tale.
- October 2 – The Treaty of Tellico is signed between the United States and the Cherokee Nation.
- November 16 – The Kentucky state legislature passes the first of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, authored by Thomas Jefferson.
- December 24 – The Virginia state legislature passes the second of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, authored by James Madison.
- Eli Whitney contracts with the U.S. federal government for 10,000 rifles, which he produces with interchangeable parts.
- Quasi-War (1798–1800)
- January 4 – William Crosby Dawson, United States Senator from Georgia from 1849 till 1855. (died 1856)
- January 5 – James Semple, United States Senator from Illinois from 1843 till 1847. (died 1866)
- January 18 – Augustus Seymour Porter, United States Senator from Michigan from 1840 till 1845. (died 1872)
- February 20 – Richard M. Young, United States Senator from Illinois from 1837 till 1843. (died 1861)
- December 3 – Alfred Iverson, Sr., United States Senator from Georgia from 1855 till 1861. (died 1873)
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- Avery, Ron. "America's First Bank Robbery". ushistory.org. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- T. W. Higginson. American Flash Language in 1798. Science, Vol. 5, No. 118 (May 8, 1885), pp. 380–382.
- Carlos E. Godfrey. Organization of the Provisional Army of the United States in the Anticipated War with France, 1798-1800. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 38, No. 2 (1914), pp. 129–132
- Letters from William and Mary College, 1798–1801. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 29, No. 2 (April, 1921), pp. 129–179.
- Yellow Fever in Boston, 1798. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 59, (October, 1925 - June, 1926).
- George W. Kyte. Guns for Charleston: A Case of Lend-Lease in 1798-1799. The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 14, No. 3 (August, 1948), pp. 401–408
- Patricia Holbert Menk. D. M. Erskine: Letters from America, 1798-1799. The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 6, No. 2 (April, 1949), pp. 251–284.
- Frederick B. Tolles. Unofficial Ambassador: George Logan's Mission to France, 1798. William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 7, No. 1 (January, 1950), pp. 1–25.
- Charles E. Peterson. Fish Oil for Roofs, 1798. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 11, No. 4 (December, 1952), pp. 34– 35
- William G. Soler. A Reattribution: John Dickinson's Authorship of the Pamphlet "A Caution," 1798. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 77, No.1 (January, 1953), pp. 24–31.
- James Morton Smith. The Enforcement of the Alien Friends Act of 1798. Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 41, No. 1 (June, 1954), pp. 85–104.
- James Morton Smith. Background for Repression: America's Half-War with France and the Internal Security Legislation of 1798. Huntington Library Quarterly, Vol. 18, No. 1 (November, 1954), pp. 37–58.
- James Morton Smith. The Federalist "Saints" versus "The Devil of Sedition": The Liberty Pole Cases of Dedham, Massachusetts, 1798-1799. The New England Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 2 (June, 1955), pp. 198–215
- Lee H. Nelson. Brickmaking in Baltimore, 1798. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 18, No. 1 (March, 1959), pp. 33–34
- Latrobe on Architects' Fees, 1798. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 19, No. 3 (October, 1960), pp. 115–117
- Metchie J. E. Budka, Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz. A Visit to Harvard College: 1798. From the Diary of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz. The New England Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 4 (December, 1961), pp. 510–514.
- Carlos R. Allen, Jr. David Barrow's Circular Letter of 1798. William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 20, No. 3 (July, 1963), pp. 440–451
- Peter J. Parker. Asbury Dickins, Bookseller, 1798–1801, or, the Brief Career of a Careless Youth. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 94, No. 4 (October, 1970), pp. 464–483.
- Steven H. Hochman. On the Liberty of the Press in Virginia: From Essay to Bludgeon, 1798-1803. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 84, No. 4 (October, 1976), pp. 431–445
- Lee W. Formwalt. An English Immigrant Views American Society: Benjamin Henry Latrobe's Virginia Years, 1796-1798. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 85, No. 4 (October, 1977), pp. 387–410.
- William J. Murphy, Jr. John Adams: The Politics of the Additional Army, 1798-1800. The New England Quarterly, Vol. 52, No. 2 (June, 1979), pp. 234–249
- Alfred J. Marini. Political Perceptions of the Marine Forces: Great Britain, 1699, 1739 and the United States 1798, 1804. Military Affairs, Vol. 44, No. 4 (December, 1980), pp. 171–176
- Lee Soltow. Housing characteristics on the Pennsylvania frontier: Mifflin County dwelling values in 1798. Pennsylvania History, Vol. 47, No. 1 (January 1980), pp. 57–70
- Robert Gough. Officering the American Army, 1798. The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 43, No. 3 (July, 1986), pp. 460–471
- Lee Soltow. The Distribution of Income in the United States in 1798: Estimates Based on the Federal Housing Inventory. The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 69, No. 1 (February, 1987), pp. 181–185
- Thomas M. Ray. "Not One Cent for Tribute": The Public Addresses and American Popular Reaction to the XYZ Affair, 1798-1799. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Winter, 1983), pp. 389–412
- Lee Soltow. Wealth Inequality in the United States in 1798 and 1860. The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 66, No. 3 (August, 1984), pp. 444–451.
- Paul Douglas Newman. Fries's Rebellion and American Political Culture, 1798-1800. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 119, No. 1/2 (January - April, 1995), pp. 37–73
- Anita DeClue, Billy G. Smith. Wrestling the "Pale Faced Messenger": The Diary of Edward Garrigues During the 1798 Philadelphia Yellow Fever Epidemic. Pennsylvania History, Vol. 65, Explorations in Early American Culture (1998), pp. 243–268
- Robert H. Churchill. Popular Nullification, Fries' Rebellion, and the Waning of Radical Republicanism, 1798–1801. Pennsylvania History, Vol. 67, No. 1, Fries' Rebellion (Winter 2000), pp. 105–140
- Jeffrey S. Dimmig. Palatine Liberty: Pennsylvania German Opposition to the Direct Tax of 1798. The American Journal of Legal History, Vol. 45, No. 4 (October, 2001), pp. 371–390.
- Media related to 1798 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons