1799 in the United States
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|1799 in the United States|
|Years:||1796 1797 1798 – 1799 – 1800 1801 1802|
The Star Spangled Banner, 15 stars, 15 stripes (1795–1818)
Events from the year 1799 in the United States.
- President: John Adams (Federalist)
- Vice President: Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican)
- Chief Justice: Oliver Ellsworth
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Jonathan Dayton (Federalist-New Jersey) (until March 4), Theodore Sedgwick (Federalist-Massachusetts) (starting December 2)
- Congress: 5th (until March 4), 6th (starting March 4)
- Governor of Connecticut: Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.
- Governor of Delaware: Daniel Rogers then Richard Bassett
- Governor of Georgia: James Jackson
- Governor of Maryland: Benjamin Ogle
- Governor of Kentucky: James Garrard
- Governor of Massachusetts: Increase Sumner then Moses Gill
- Governor of New Hampshire: John Taylor Gilman
- Governor of New Jersey: Richard Howell
- Governor of New York: John Jay
- Governor of North Carolina: William Richardson Davie then Benjamin Williams
- Governor of Pennsylvania: Thomas Mifflin then Thomas McKean
- Governor of Rhode Island: Arthur Fenner
- Governor of South Carolina: Edward Rutledge
- Governor of Tennessee: John Sevier
- Governor of Vermont: Isaac Tichenor
- Governor of Virginia: James Wood then Hardin Burnley then John Pendleton, Jr. then James Monroe
- January 30 – Congress passes the Logan Act, forbidding unauthorized citizens from negotiating with foreign governments, in response to George Logan's unofficial attempt to negotiate peace between the U.S. and France.
- February – Fries's Rebellion, an armed tax revolt among Pennsylvania Dutch farmers, begins as John Fries organizes meetings to discuss a collective response to the taxes imposed to raise funds for the Quasi-War.
- February 9 – Quasi-War: In the Action of 9 February 1799, the USS Constellation captures the French frigate Insurgente.
- March 1 – Federalist James Ross becomes President Pro Tempore of the United States Senate.
- March 29 – New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
- April 10 – Ellicott's Stone is placed by a U.S.-Spanish survey party headed by Andrew Ellicott.
- July 8 – The Russian-American Company is founded.
- December 3 – The Kentucky state legislature passes the second of its resolutions as part of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions. Although the first of Kentucky's resolutions (in 1798) were authored by Thomas Jefferson, the author of the 1799 Resolutions is not known with certainty.
- Carolina Gold Rush: 12-year-old Conrad John Reed finds what he describes as a "heavy yellow rock" along Little Meadow Creek in Cabarrus County, North Carolina and makes it a doorstop in his home. Conrad's father John Reed learns that the rock is actually gold in 1802, initiating the first gold rush in the U.S.
- Eli Whitney, holding a January 1798 U.S. government contract for the manufacture of muskets, is introduced by Oliver Wolcott, Jr. to the French concept of interchangeable parts, an origin of the American system of manufacturing.
- Reconstruction of The Cabildo in New Orleans is completed.
- Quasi-War (1798–1800)
- January 6 – Jedediah Smith, explorer, hunter, trapper and fur trader (died 1831)
- March 8 – Simon Cameron, journalist, editor and 26th United States Secretary of War (died 1889)
- April 3 – John Pendleton King, United States Senator from Georgia from 1833 till 1837. (died 1888)
- April 12 – Samuel McRoberts, United States Senator from Illinois from 1841 till 1843. (died 1843)
- November 15 – James A. Bayard, Jr., United States Senator from Delaware from 1851 till 1864. (died 1880)
- November 29 – Amos Bronson Alcott, educator and writer (died 1888)
- December 27 – Walter T. Colquitt, United States Senator from Georgia from 1843 till 1848. (died 1855)
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- June 6 – Patrick Henry, 1st & 6th Governor of Virginia (born 1736)
- December 14 – George Washington, 1st President of the United States (born 1732)
- John Lathrop. Effects of Lightning on Several Persons in the House of Samuel Carey Esq. of Chelsea, August 2, 1799. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 1 (1809), pp. 82–85.
- Carlos E. Godfrey. Organization of the Provisional Army of the United States in the Anticipated War with France, 1798-1800. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 38, No. 2 (1914), pp. 129–132
- Letters from William and Mary College, 1798–1801. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 29, No. 2 (April, 1921), pp. 129–179.
- William H. Gaines, Jr. The Forgotten Army: Recruiting for a National Emergency (1799–1800). The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 56, No. 3 (July, 1948), pp. 267–279
- George W. Kyte. Guns for Charleston: A Case of Lend-Lease in 1798-1799. The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 14, No. 3 (August, 1948), pp. 401–408.
- Rex A. Skidmore. Penological Pioneering in the Walnut Street Jail, 1789-1799. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1931–1951), Vol. 39, No. 2 (July - August, 1948), pp. 167–180 .
- Patricia Holbert Menk. D. M. Erskine: Letters from America, 1798-1799. The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 6, No. 2 (April, 1949), pp. 251–284.
- Charles Caleb Cotton and Julien Dwight Martin. The Letters of Charles Caleb Cotton, 1798-1802. The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 51, No. 4 (October, 1950), pp. 216–228. Covers the year 1799.
- Robert C. Smith. A Portuguese Naturalist in Philadelphia, 1799. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 78, No. 1 (January, 1954), pp. 71–106
- James Morton Smith. The Federalist "Saints" versus "The Devil of Sedition": The Liberty Pole Cases of Dedham, Massachusetts, 1798-1799. The New England Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 2 (June, 1955), pp. 198–215.
- Stephen G. Kurtz. The French Mission of 1799-1800: Concluding Chapter in the Statecraft of John Adams. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 80, No. 4 (December, 1965), pp. 543–557.
- Peter J. Parker. Asbury Dickins, Bookseller, 1798–1801, or, the Brief Career of a Careless Youth. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 94, No. 4 (October, 1970), pp. 464–483.
- Steven H. Hochman. On the Liberty of the Press in Virginia: From Essay to Bludgeon, 1798-1803. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 84, No. 4 (October, 1976), pp. 431–445.
- William J. Murphy, Jr. John Adams: The Politics of the Additional Army, 1798-1800. The New England Quarterly, Vol. 52, No. 2 (June, 1979), pp. 234–249.
- Thomas M. Ray. "Not One Cent for Tribute": The Public Addresses and American Popular Reaction to the XYZ Affair, 1798-1799. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Winter, 1983), pp. 389–412.
- Paul Douglas Newman. Fries's Rebellion and American Political Culture, 1798-1800. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 119, No. 1/2 (January - April, 1995), pp. 37–73.
- Robert H. Churchill. Popular Nullification, Fries' Rebellion, and the Waning of Radical Republicanism, 1798–1801. Pennsylvania History, Vol. 67, No. 1, Fries' Rebellion (Winter 2000), pp. 105–140.
- Andy Trees. Private Correspondence for the Public Good: Thomas Jefferson to Elbridge Gerry, January 26, 1799. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 108, No. 3 (2000), pp. 217–254.
- Robert S. Woodbury. The Legend of Eli Whitney and Interchangeable Parts. Technology and Culture, Vol. 1 (1960).
- Media related to 1799 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons