The 17th Golden Melody Awards were held on June 10, 2006 at the Taipei Arena in Taipei, Taiwan.
Although alternative musicians were nominated several times for awards, most of the categories were won by mainstream artists. The award ceremony featured South Korean pop singer Se7en as a guest artist. Chinese American rap artist Jin also performed with Taiwanese American singer Leehom Wang for their song titled Heroes of Earth.
The Taipei Times also dubbed the ceremony as having one of the "worst performances to date" due too poorly rehearsed performances by Singaporean artist Stefanie Sun and Hong Kong singer Eason Chan.
The mistake made by Karen Mok while presenting the award for Best Male Mandarin Artist at the 16th Golden Melody Awards was revisited with some analysis of the sequence of events.