Incumbents [ edit ]
Governors [ edit ]
Governors of the Australian colonies:
4 March – The
Castle Hill convict rebellion, also known as the Battle of Vinegar Hill, takes place: 200 convicts, mostly Irish, rebel. Fifty-one convicts are punished, and nine hanged. [1 ] 3 May – An Aboriginal food hunting party is attacked by settlers and soldiers at
Risdon Cove. Eyewitness estimates of the death toll from the massacre vary from three or four to fifty. [2 ] 16 September – A government-owned
brewery is opened at Parramatta as a means of controlling the consumption of spirits. [3 ] 4 November – In a letter to
Sir Joseph Banks, Matthew Flinders recommends that the newly discovered country, New Holland, be renamed "Australia" or "Terra Australis" (from the Latin "australis" meaning "of the south"). [4 ]
Exploration and settlement [ edit ]
15 February – Lieutenant-Governor
David Collins lands at Risdon Cove in Van Diemen's Land ( Tasmania). Unhappy with the area as a site for a settlement, Collins sends his surveyor, George Prideaux Harris, and harbour master William Collins in search of an alternative site. Harris and Collins recommend Sullivan's Cove. [5 ] 24 March – The settlement at the
Hunter River, also known as the Coal River, is officially named Newcastle. [6 ] 8 May – Lieutenant-Governor Collins establishes the settlement at Sullivan's Cove on the
Derwent River. [7 ] 15 June – The name "
Hobart Town", after the Colonial Secretary Lord Hobart, is adopted as the name for the new colony at Sullivan's Cove. [7 ] 5 November – Lieutenant-Colonel
William Paterson arrives at Outer Cove, leading the Buffalo, the and two schooners, under instructions from London to form a settlement in the north of Van Diemen's Land. Lady Nelson [7 ]
References [ edit ]
^ Whitaker, Anne-Maree: Castle Hill convict rebellion 1804, Dictionary of Sydney.
^ Darby, Andrew: Debate exposes 200-year-old massacre, The Age, 4 May 2004.
^ Late in the eighteenth century, Australian Beers.
^ Flinders' letter to Sir Joseph Banks 1804, National Library of Australia, 4 November 1804.
^ Newman, Terry: Bowen Refuses to Bow Out, Parliamentary History Project (Parliament of Tasmania), December 2003.
^ Settlement at Coal Harbour and Hunter’s River to be named Newcastle, Limits of Settlement and Governorship, &c., University of Newcastle, 24 September 1804.
^ a b c 1803–1850s, British outpost, Tasmanian Year Book 2005, Australian Bureau of Statistics, 21 November 2006.