1804 in New Zealand

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1804 in New Zealand
Decades:

As most sealing is taking place in Bass Strait, although the rookeries there are declining, there is little interest in Dusky Sound, the rookeries of which are also declining. It is however still being used as a provisioning stop and rendezvous by sealers looking for new sealing grounds to the south and east of New Zealand. Foveaux Strait is discovered in December but its existence does not become widely known for some time. There is a marked increase in the number of whalers operating in the north of New Zealand, due in part to attacks on British boats in the South Atlantic as a result of the Napoleonic wars.[1] There is also an increase in American ships from New England.[1][2]

Incumbents[edit]

Regal and viceregal[3][edit]

Events[edit]

  • ?March or July – The Alexander returns Teina to the Bay of Islands along with the gifts from Governor King including probably the first pigs in the area.[2]
  • May – In an attempt to maintain a British monopoly of trade in Australian waters Governor King prohibits the construction of unauthorised boats of more than fourteen feet long in New South Wales.[2]
  • June – James Cavanagh, a prisoner on the government vessel Lady Nelson, Lieutenant James Symons, runs from the ship when it stops near the Cavalli Islands. He lives with Māori in the Bay of Islands but avoids any further European contact.[2][4]
  • December – Owen Folger Smith on board the Honduras Packet, Captain Owen Bunker,[5] discovers Foveaux Strait which he names Smith's Strait.[2][6]
    • – Maa-Tara is recorded as crewing on the Ferret. He has been sent by his father Te Pahi to visit the settlement at Port Jackson.[2]
Undated

Births[edit]

undated

Deaths[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Te ARa Encyclopedia of New Zealand: Whaling
  2. ^ a b c d e f Salmond, Anne. Between Worlds. 1997. Penguin Books (NZ) Ltd. ISBN 0-670-87787-5.
  3. ^ The colony of New South Wales encompasses New Zealand from 1788 to 1840. Therefore the head of state is the monarch of the United Kingdom represented by the Governor of New South Wales. However, British sovereignty was not established over New Zealand per se until 1840, at which point the Treaty of Waitangi retroactively recognised that it had been an independent territory until then. Furthermore, the Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand signed by a number of Maori chiefs in 1835 was formally recognised by the British government at the time, indicating that British sovereignty did not yet extend to New Zealand. (New Zealand Ministry of Culture and Heritage)
  4. ^ Early European Visits to NZ
  5. ^ Cousin of Eber Bunker. See 1792 in New Zealand
  6. ^ Wises New Zealand Guide, 7th Edition, 1979. p.106.
  7. ^ Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Samuel Marsden
  8. ^ Heritage Expeditions: Antipodes
  9. ^ Boase, G. C. (1897). "Shortland, Willoughby (1804–1869), naval officer and colonial administrator". Dictionary of National Biography Vol. XVII. Smith, Elder & Co. Retrieved 2007-12-21.