1804 in literature
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In poetry: 1801 1802 1803 -1804- 1805 1806 1807
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The year 1804 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- March 17 - First performance of Friedrich Schiller's play Wilhelm Tell, at Weimar under the direction of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
- April - John Keats' father dies from a fractured skull, after falling from his horse while returning from visiting John at school.
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge re-locates to Malta.
- James Mill publishes a pamphlet critical of the corn trade.
- William Wordsworth writes the poem I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.
- German Gerhard Bonnier begins a publishing business in Copenhagen (Denmark) by issuing Underfulde og sandfærdige kriminalhistorier, origin of the Swedish Bonnier Group.
- Mir Amman - Bagh o Buhar, a Translation into the Hindoostanee Tongue of the Celebrated Persian Tale "Qissui Chuhar Durwesh" "by Meer Ummun"
- Sophie Ristaud Cottin - Malvina
- Maria Edgeworth - Popular Tales
- Rachel Hunter -The Unexpected Legacy
- William Henry Ireland - The Sepulchral Summons
- Elizabeth Lefanu - The India Voyage
- Mary Meeke
- Henrietta Rouviere Mosse - Lussington Abbey
- Mary A. Neri - The Eve of San-Pietro
- Amelia Opie - Adeline Mowbray
- Ōta Nampo and others - Shokusanjin ennyo meisekishu ("A collection of Shokusanjin memorabilia")
- Anna Maria Porter - The Lake of Killarney
- Etienne Senancour - Oberman
- Sarah Wilkinson - The Knights of Calatrava
- Mary Julia Young - The Mother and Daughter
- Friedrich von Schiller - Wilhelm Tell
- Friedrich Hölderlin - translations of the dramas of Sophocles (published)
- William Blake - Jerusalem: The Emanation of the Giant Albion
- William Lisle Bowles - The Spirit of Discovery
- Kirsha Danilov - The Ancient Russian Poems
- Thomas Brown - Inquiry into the Relation of Cause and Effect
- John Wilson Croker - Familiar Epistles to J. F. Jones, Esquire, on the State of the Irish Stage
- Jakob Friedrich Fries - System der Philosophie als evidente Wissenschaft
- Jacques Labillardière - Novae Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen
- James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale - Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of Public Wealth
- July 1 – George Sand (Lucile Aurore Dupin), French novelist and memoirist (died 1876)
- July 4 – Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist (died 1864)
- September 8 – Eduard Mörike, German poet (died 1875)
- November 6 – Benjamin Hall Kennedy, English classical scholar (died 1880)
- December 10 – Eugène Sue, French novelist (died 1857)
- December 21 – Benjamin Disraeli, English politician and novelist (died 1881)
- January 4 – Charlotte Lennox, English novelist and playwright
- January 11 – James Tytler, Scottish American editor of Encyclopaedia Britannica
- February 6 – Joseph Priestley, English natural philosopher and theologian (born 1733)
- February 12 – Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (born 1724)
- April 3 – Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish historian and diarist (born c.1727)
- April 27 – Jonathan Boucher, English philologist
- May 3 – Celestyn Czaplic, Polish poet and politician
- August 9 – Robert Potter, English translator, poet and cleric
- November 5 – Betje Wolff, Dutch novelist (born 1738)
- November 23 – Richard Graves, English poet and novelist
- December 9 – Wilhelm Abraham Teller, German theologian
- December – John Boydell, English publisher
- Unknown dates