1816 in poetry

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   In literature: 1813 1814 1815 -1816- 1817 1818 1819     
Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

Events[edit]

  • This year was known as the "Year Without a Summer" after Mount Tambora had erupted in the Dutch East Indies the previous year and cast enough ash into the atmosphere to block out the sun and cause abnormal weather across much of Northeastern United States and Northern Europe. This pall of darkness inspired Byron to write his poem, "Darkness" in July.
  • Lord Byron separates from his wife then leaves England to tour Europe, settling in the summer in Switzerland, at the Villa Diodati by Lake Geneva; in late May he meets, and soon becomes friends with, the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, and Shelley's wife-to-be Mary Godwin. Regular conversation with Byron has an invigorating effect on Shelley's poetry. While on a boating tour the two took together, Shelley was inspired to write his Hymn to Intellectual Beauty. Shelley, in turn, influenced Byron's poetry. This new influence showed itself in the third part of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, which Byron was working on, as well as in Manfred, which he wrote in the autumn of this year.
  • In late August Percy Bysshe Shelley and Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin return to England from Switzerland, taking with them some of Byron's manuscripts for his publisher.
  • Shelley is introduced to John Keats in Hampstead towards the end of the year by their mutual friend, Leigh Hunt, who was to transfer his enthusiasm from Keats to Shelley.
  • December 30 — Shelley marries Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin after Shelley's first wife, Harriet, drowns herself (her body was found December 10).

Works published[edit]

Château de Chillon where much of The Prisoner of Chillon takes place

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

  • Joseph Rodman Drake, "The Culprit Fay", a 600-line poem about a fairy who falls in love with a mortal maiden in the Hudson Valley; republished in 1835 in The Culprit Fay and Other Poems[3]
  • John Neal, The Portico. Volume III, Baltimore: Neale Wills & Cole[4]
  • John Pierpont, The Airs of Palestine, a popular long poem which quickly went through three editions; traces the influence of music on Jewish history[5] and praises sacred music; written while the author was a Baltimore shopkeeper, the popular poem gains him a reputation as one of the best American poets of his time[3]
  • Lydia Sigourney, using the pen name "Lydia Huntley", Moral pieces, in Prose and Verse, Hartford, Connecticut: Sheldon & Goodwin[4]
  • Alexander Wilson, Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect, poems and a biographical essay on the author's life, posthumously published[3]

Births[edit]

Richard Brinsley Sheridan died this year.

Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

Deaths[edit]

Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6. 
  2. ^ Wu, Duncan, Romanticism: An Anthology, p 528, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers Inc., 1994, ISBN 0-631-19196-8
  3. ^ a b c Burt, Daniel S., The Chronology of American Literature: : America's literary achievements from the colonial era to modern times, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004, ISBN 978-0-618-16821-7, retrieved via Google Books
  4. ^ a b c Web page titled "American Poetry Full-Text Database / Bibliography" at University of Chicago Library website, retrieved March 4, 2009
  5. ^ Carruth, Gorton, The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates, ninth edition, HarperCollins, 1993