1818 in the United States
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|1818 in the United States|
|Years:||1815 1816 1817 – 1818 – 1819 1820 1821|
20 stars (1818–19)
Events from the year 1818 in the United States.
- President: James Monroe (Democratic-Republican)
- Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins (Democratic-Republican)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Henry Clay (Dem.-Rep.-Kentucky)
- Congress: 15th
- March 15 – First Seminole War: Andrew Jackson leads an army into Spanish Florida.
- April – First Seminole War – Arbuthnot and Ambrister incident: Alexander George Arbuthnot and Robert Ambrister are captured by Andrew Jackson's forces and later executed for aiding the Spanish and the Seminoles.
- April 4 – The U.S. Congress adopts the flag of the United States as having 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state (20 stars) with additional stars to be added whenever a new state is added to the Union.
- April 7 – Brooks Brothers, the oldest men's clothier in the United States, opens its first store on the northeast corner of Catherine and Cherry Streets in New York City, where the South Street Seaport now stands.
- April 14 – United States Coast Survey operations suspended until August 9, 1832.
- May 23 – First Seminole War: Andrew Jackson's army enters Pensacola, Florida unopposed as the Spanish forces retreated to Fort Barrancas.
- May 28 – First Seminole War: Fort Barrancas surrenders to Andrew Jackson.
- August 1 – The Topographical Bureau of the US War Department is founded.
- October 18 – Andrew Jackson and Isaac Shelby negotiate the purchase of land in modern-day western Tennessee and southwestern Kentucky from the Chickasaw Nation in what is later called the Jackson Purchase.
- October 20 – The Treaty of 1818 between the U.S. and the United Kingdom establishes the northern boundary as the 49th parallel from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, also creating the Northwest Angle.
- December 3 – Illinois is admitted as the 21st U.S. state (see History of Illinois).
- January 28 – George S. Boutwell, United States Senator from Massachusetts from 1851 till 1853. (died 1905)
- March 12 – John S. Hager, United States Senator from California from 1873 till 1875. (died 1890)
- April 1 – Omar D. Conger, United States Senator from Michigan from 1881 till 1887. (died 1898)
- July 10 – John Stuart Williams, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1879 till 1885. (died 1898)
- September 17 – William Henry Barnum, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1876 till 1879. (died 1889)
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- Richard V. Carpenter, J. W. Kitchell. The Illinois Constitutional Convention of 1818. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1908–1984), Vol. 6, No. 3 (October, 1913), pp. 327–424
- The Diocese of Baltimore in 1818. Archbishop Maréchal's Account to Propaganda, October 16, 1818. The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 1, No. 4 (January, 1916), pp. 439–453
- Charles H. Rammelkamp, Thos Lippincott. Thomas Lippincott, a Pioneer of 1818 and His Diary. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1908–1984), Vol. 10, No. 2 (July, 1917), pp. 237–255
- Leona Rostenberg, Timothy Fuller. Diary of Timothy Fuller: In Congress, January 12-March 15, 1818. The New England Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 3 (September, 1939), pp. 521–529
- Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, J. H. Easterby. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney's Plantation Diary, April 6-December 15, 1818. The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 41, No. 4 (October, 1940), pp. 135–150
- Leo M. Kaiser. Stephen F. Austin's Oration of July 4, 1818. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 64, No. 1 (July, 1960), pp. 71–79
- Alfred Owen Aldridge. The Character of a North American as Drawn in Chile, 1818. Hispania, Vol. 49, No. 3 (September, 1966), pp. 489–494
- John Faucheraud Grimké, Thomas Smith Grimké, Adrienne Koch. A Family Crisis: Letters from John Faucheraud Grimké and Thomas Smith Grimké to Henry Grimké, 1818. The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 69, No. 3 (July, 1968), pp. 171–192
- Stephen W. Stathis. Dr. Barton's Case and the Monroe Precedent of 1818. The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 32, No. 3 (July, 1975), pp. 465–474
- Ernest F. Dibble. Captain Hugh Young and His 1818 Topographical Memoir to Andrew Jackson. The Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 55, No. 3 (January, 1977), pp. 321–335
- John P. Resch. Politics and Public Culture: The Revolutionary War Pension Act of 1818. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Summer, 1988), pp. 139–158
- Sandra F. VanBurkleo. "The Paws of Banks": The Origins and Significance of Kentucky's Decision to Tax Federal Bankers, 1818 - 1820. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 9, No. 4 (Winter, 1989), pp. 457–487
- James A. Edstrom. "With . . . Candour and Good Faith": Nathaniel Pope and the Admission Enabling Act of 1818. Illinois Historical Journal, Vol. 88, No. 4 (Winter, 1995), pp. 241–262
- Media related to 1818 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons