1819 in the United States
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|1819 in the United States|
|Years:||1816 1817 1818 – 1819 – 1820 1821 1822|
21 stars (1819–1820)
Events from the year 1819 in the United States.
- President: James Monroe (Democratic-Republican)
- Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins (Democratic-Republican)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Henry Clay (Dem.-Rep.-Kentucky)
- Congress: 15th (until March 4), 16th (starting March 4)
- January 2 – The Panic of 1819, the first major financial crisis in the United States, begins.
- January 25 – Thomas Jefferson founds the University of Virginia.
- February 2 – The Supreme Court under John Marshall rules in favor of Dartmouth College in the famous Dartmouth College v. Woodward case, allowing Dartmouth to keep its charter and remain a private institution.
- February 15 – The United States House of Representatives agrees to the Tallmadge Amendment barring slaves from the new state of Missouri (the opening vote in a controversy that leads to the Missouri Compromise).
- February 22 – Spain cedes Florida to the United States (see Adams–Onís Treaty).
- March 1 – The U.S. naval vessel USS Columbus is launched in Washington, DC.
- March 6 – McCulloch v. Maryland: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Bank of the United States is constitutional.
- May 22 – The SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. The ship arrives at Liverpool, England on June 20.
- August 6 – Norwich University is founded by Captain Alden Partridge in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
- August 24 – Samuel Seymour sketches a Kansa lodge and war dance at the present location of Manhattan, Kansas, while part of Stephen Harriman Long's exploring party. This work is now the oldest drawing known to be made in the state of Kansas.
- December 14 – Alabama is admitted as the 22nd U.S. state (see History of Alabama).
- The ʻAi Noa Movement takes power in Hawaii.
- Era of Good Feelings (1817–1825)
- January 22 – Morton S. Wilkinson, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1859 till 1865. (died 1894)
- August 29 – Joseph E. McDonald, United States Senator from Indiana from 1875 to 1881. (died 1891)
- September 7 – Thomas A. Hendricks, United States Senator from Indiana from 1863 to 1869 and the 21st Vice President of the United States in 1885. (died 1885)
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- February 5 – Hannah Van Buren, wife of Martin Van Buren, 8th President of the United States (born 1783)
- Slavery in Virginia, 1819. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 43, (October, 1909 - June, 1910)
- Letter of William Wirt, 1819. The American Historical Review, Vol. 25, No. 4 (July, 1920), pp. 692–695
- J. Wilfrid Parsons. The Catholic Church in America in 1819: A Contemporary Account. The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 5, No. 4 (January, 1920), pp. 301–310
- Report of Inspection of the Ninth Military Department, 1819. The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 7, No. 3 (December, 1920), pp. 261–274
- Samuel Rezneck. The Depression of 1819-1822, A Social History. The American Historical Review, Vol. 39, No. 1 (October, 1933), pp. 28–47
- Martin Staples Shockley. The Proprietors of Richmond's New Theatre of 1819. The William and Mary Quarterly, Second Series, Vol. 19, No. 3 (July, 1939), pp. 302–308
- Dorothy Riker. Two accounts of the upper Wabash country, 1819-20. Indiana Magazine of History, Vol. 37, No. 4 (1941), pp. 384–395
- Fritz Redlich. William Jones and His Unsuccessful Steamboat Venture of 1819. Bulletin of the Business Historical Society, Vol. 21, No. 5 (November, 1947), pp. 125–136
- Paul C. Henlein, F. Renick, W. Renick. Journal of F. and W. Renick on an Exploring Tour to the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers in the Year 1819. Agricultural History, Vol. 30, No. 4 (October, 1956), pp. 174–186
- Philip F. Detweiler. Congressional Debate on Slavery and the Declaration of Independence, 1819-1821. The American Historical Review, Vol. 63, No. 3 (April, 1958), pp. 598–616
- Helen McCann White. Frontier Feud: 1819-20: How Two Officers Quarreled All the Way to the Site of Fort Snelling. Minnesota History, Vol. 42, No. 3, Fort Snelling Issue (Fall, 1970), pp. 99–114
- Frederic Trautmann. Pennsylvania through a German's Eyes: The Travels of Ludwig Gall, 1819-1820. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 105, No. 1 (January, 1981), pp. 35–65
- Andrew R. L. Cayton. The Fragmentation of "A Great Family": The Panic of 1819 and the Rise of the Middling Interest in Boston, 1818-1822. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1982), pp. 143–167
- Edwin J. Perkins. Langdon Cheves and the Panic of 1819: A Reassessment. The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 44, No. 2, The Tasks of Economic History (June, 1984), pp. 455–461
- Robert M. Blackson. Pennsylvania Banks and the Panic of 1819: A Reinterpretation. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Autumn, 1989), pp. 335–358
- Clyde Haulman. Virginia Commodity Prices during the Panic of 1819. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 22, No. 4 (Winter, 2002), pp. 675–688
- David Anthony. "Gone Distracted": "Sleepy Hollow," Gothic Masculinity, and the Panic of 1819. Early American Literature, Vol. 40, No. 1 (2005), pp. 111–144
- Media related to 1819 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons