1820 in New Zealand

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1820 in New Zealand
Decades:

Incumbents[edit]

Regal and viceregal[edit]

Any reference to New Zealand in a legal rather than geographic sense prior to 1840 is complex and unclear. When the British colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 it nominally included New Zealand as far as 43°39'S (approximately halfway down the South Island).

Events[edit]

  • 27 February – Reverend Samuel Marsden makes his 3rd visit to New Zealand, on the HMS Dromedary. He unsuccessfully attempts to dissuade Thomas Kendall from his impending visit to England.[3] The Dromedary spends 5 month getting timber in Whangaroa Harbour.[4]
  • 2 March – Thomas Kendall, Hongi Hika and Hongi’s nephew Waikato from Rangihoua sail for England in the whaler New Zealander. Kendall confers with Professor Samuel Lee at Cambridge on the publication of Grammar and Vocabulary of the New Zealand Language. The book is published at the end of the year. The well known painting of Kendall with the 2 chiefs is painted by James Barry. Hongi’s main purpose in this trip is to obtain muskets, at which he is eventually successful.[5][6][7][8]
  • 3 May – A plough is used for the first time in New Zealand when John Gare Butler drives a team of six bullocks at Kerikeri.[9]
  • 14 July – Reverend Marsden’s second visit to Tamaki Makaurau (Auckland), on HMS Coromandel. He climbs Maungarei (Mt Wellington) and is the first European to sight Manukau Harbour. He may also have preached at or near Maraetai at this time.[10] Marsden returns to the Bay of Islands via the Kaipara Harbour and is one of the first Europeans to see the harbour and the site of future Dargaville.[11]
  • 27 August – Captain R.A. Cruise of the 84th Regiment visits Tamaki Makaurau on the colonial schooner Prince Regent.[10]
  • 9 November – Reverend Marsden again visits Tamaki Makaurau, this time with Reverend Butler. They visit Tamaki River and cross the isthmus to Manukau Harbour and visit Onehunga and the Manukau Heads but cannot exit the harbour because of the bar at the entrance.[10][12]
  • 12 November – Thomas Kendall is ordained as a priest by the Bishop of Ely.[5][6]
  • 5 December – Reverend Marsden leaves at the end of his third visit.[3]

Undated[edit]

Births[edit]

Undated
Approximate

Deaths[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of Australian Biography: Lachlan Macquarie
  2. ^ Dictionary of Australian Biography Sir Thomas Brisbane
  3. ^ a b c Parsonson, G. S. "Marsden, Samuel 1765–1838". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Early European Visits to NZ
  5. ^ a b New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Thomas Kendall Biography
  6. ^ a b Binney, Judith. "Kendall, Thomas 1778?–1832". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  7. ^ Ballara, Angela. "Hongi Hika 1772–1828". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  8. ^ New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Hongi Hika Biography
  9. ^ Wises New Zealand Guide, 7th Edition, 1979. p.185.
  10. ^ a b c A Manukau Timeline
  11. ^ Wises New Zealand Guide, 7th Edition, 1979. p.169.
  12. ^ Wises New Zealand Guide, 7th Edition, 1979. p.237.
  13. ^ Wises New Zealand Guide, 7th Edition, 1979. p. 242
  14. ^ a b Oliver, Steven. "Te Rauparaha ?–1849". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  15. ^ Tauranga History Timeline
  16. ^ Oliver, Steven. "Te Wherowhero, Potatau ?–1860". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  17. ^ Oliver, Steven. "Te Pehi Kupe ?–1828". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  18. ^ Sorrenson, M. P. K. "Mantell, Walter Baldock Durrant 1820 - 1895". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  19. ^ Hall, D.O.W. (1966). "WAKEFIELD, Edward Jerningham". from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. 
  20. ^ No Mean City by Stuart Perry (1969, Wellington City Council)
  21. ^ a b c d e Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  22. ^ Marr, Cathy. "Mackenzie, James 1820? - ?". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  23. ^ Fitzgerald, Michael. "Heaphy, Charles 1820 - 1881". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  24. ^ Dalziel, Raewyn. "Müller, Mary Ann 1819/1820? - 1901". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  25. ^ O'Brian, P. 1987 Joseph Banks: A Life Collins Harvill ISBN 0-00-217350-6