1820 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1810 . 1811 . 1812 . 1813 . 1814 . 1815 . 1816 ...
1817 1818 1819 -1820- 1821 1822 1823
... 1824 . 1825 . 1826 . 1827 . 1828 . 1829 . 1830 ...
In poetry: 1817 1818 1819 -1820- 1821 1822 1823
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The year 1820 in literature involved some significant events.
- January 16 - Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery by "Northamptonshire peasant poet" John Clare is published in England by John Taylor.
- April 22 - Walter Scott is created 1st baronet of Abbotsford in the County of Roxburgh in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.
- September - Poet John Keats, suffering from tuberculosis, leaves London to take up residence in the house on the Spanish Steps in Rome where he will die in 1821.
- November 20 - An 80-ton sperm whale attacks the Essex, a whaleship from Nantucket, Massachusetts, 2,000 miles off the western coast of South America. Herman Melville's 1851 novel Moby-Dick is in part inspired by this story.
- Robert Chambers's publishing company publishes The Songs of Robert Burns.
- Thomas Kendall has the first book printed in the Māori language, A korao no New Zealand; or, the New Zealander's first book; being an attempt to compose some lessons for the instruction of the natives, published in Sydney, Australia.
- First translation of the Old English epic poem Beowulf into a modern language, Danish, Bjovulfs Drape, made by N. F. S. Grundtvig.
- The Cambridge Apostles, an intellectual discussion group, is established at the University of Cambridge in England.
- James Fenimore Cooper - Precaution
- Thomas Gaspey - Forty Years Ago
- Robert Huish - Castle of Nielo
- Francis Lathom - Italian Mysteries
- Charles Maturin (anonymously) - Melmoth the Wanderer
- Regina Marie Roche - The Munster Cottage Boy
- Sir Walter Scott
- Louisa Stanhope - The Crusaders
- Rosalia St. Clair - The Highland Castle, and the Lowland Cottage
- Sarah Wilkinson - The Spectre of Lanmere Abbey
- Robert Burns - The Songs of Robert Burns
- John Clare - Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery
- John Keats - The Eve of St. Agnes; Lamia and Other Poems
- Alphonse de Lamartine - Méditations poétiques
- Adam Mickiewicz - Ode to Youth
- Nguyễn Du - The Tale of Kieu (斷腸新聲)
- Aleksandr Pushkin - Ruslan and Ludmila
- Percy Bysshe Shelley - To a Skylark
- Thomas Brown - Lectures on the Philosophy of the Human Mind
- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel - Elements of the Philosophy of Right
- John George Hoffman - Pow-Wows; or, Long Lost Friend
- Charles Lamb - Essays of Elia
- Thomas Malthus - Principles of Political Economy
- Charles Mills - History of the Crusades for the Recovery and Possession of the Holy Land
- Robert Southey - Life of Wesley
- January 17 – Anne Brontë, English novelist and poet (died 1849)
- February 28 – John Tenniel, English illustrator and cartoonist (died 1914)
- March 17 – Jean Ingelow, English poet and novelist (died 1897)
- March 30 – Anna Sewell, English novelist (died 1878)
- April 26 – Alice Cary, American poet and short-story writer (died 1871)
- June 21 – James Halliwell-Phillipps, English bibliophile (died 1889)
- September 17 – Émile Augier, French dramatist (died 1889)
- October 14 – John Harris, English poet (died 1884)
- November 23 – Afanasy Fet, Russian poet, essayist and short-story writer (died 1892)
- November 28 – Friedrich Engels, German socialist writer (died 1895)
- February 5 – William Drennan, Irish poet, political radical and educationalist (born 1754)
- May 1 – Richmal Mangnall, English schoolbook writer (born 1769)
- July 16 – William Hazlitt, Sr, writer and Irish-born Unitarian minister (born 1737)
- November 12 – William Hayley, English poet and biographer (born 1745)
- Unknown date – Nguyễn Du, Vietnamese poet (born 1766)