1820 in the United States
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|1820 in the United States|
|Years:||1817 1818 1819 – 1820 – 1821 1822 1823|
23 stars (1820–22)
Events from the year 1820 in the United States.
- President: James Monroe (Democratic-Republican)
- Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins (Democratic-Republican)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Henry Clay (Dem.-Rep.-Kentucky) (until October 28), John W. Taylor (Dem.-Rep.-New York) (starting November 15)
- Congress: 16th
- February 6 – 86 free African American colonists sail from New York City to Freetown, Sierra Leone.
- March 3 & 6 – Slavery in the United States: The Missouri Compromise becomes law.
- March 15 – Maine is admitted as the 23rd U.S. state (see History of Maine).
- April 24 – The Land Act of 1820 reduces the price of land in the Northwest Territory and Missouri Territory encouraging Americans to settle in the west.
- August 7 – The 1820 United States Census is conducted, eventually determining a population of 9,638,453 of which 1,538,022 are slaves.
- December 3 – U.S. presidential election, 1820: James Monroe is re-elected, virtually unopposed.
- Mount Rainier erupts over what is today Seattle.
- Joseph Smith, Jr. receives his First Vision in the spring in Palmyra, New York.
- Indiana University is founded as the Indiana State Seminary and renamed the Indiana College in 1846, to later be renamed Indiana University.
- Era of Good Feelings (1817–1825)
- February 4 – David C. Broderick, United States Senator from California from 1857 till 1859. (died 1859)
- March 24 – George G. Wright, United States Senator from Iowa from 1871 till 1877. (died 1896)
- June 2 – Willard Saulsbury, Sr., United States Senator from Delaware from 1859 till 1871. (died 1892)
- July 5 – Luke Pryor, United States Senator from Alabama in 1880. (died 1900)
- August 26 – James Harlan, United States Senator from Iowa from 1865 till 1866. (died 1899)
- September 3 – George Hearst, United States Senator from California from 1887 till 1891. (died 1891)
- November 13 – Eugene Casserly, United States Senator from California from 1869 till 1873. (died 1883)
- December 12 – James L. Pugh, United States Senator from Alabama from 1880 till 1897. (died 1907)
- December 29 – John S. Barbour, Jr., United States Senator from Virginia from 1889 till 1892. (died 1892)
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- March 22 – Stephen Decatur, US Naval commander (born 1779)
- July 10 – William Wyatt Bibb, United States Senator from Georgia from 1813 till 1816. (born 1781)
- Daniel Blowe (1820). A geographical, historical, commercial, and agricultural view of the United States of America; forming a complete emigrant's directory through every part of the republic ... London: Edwards & Knibb.
- Media related to 1820 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons