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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1790s 1800s 1810s – 1820s – 1830s 1840s 1850s|
|Years:||1821 1822 1823 – 1824 – 1825 1826 1827|
|1824 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – US – UK|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2577|
|British Regnal year||4 Geo. 4 – 5 Geo. 4|
— to —甲申年十一月十二日
|- Vikram Samvat||1880–1881|
|- Shaka Samvat||1746–1747|
|- Kali Yuga||4925–4926|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||824–825|
|Japanese calendar||Bunsei 7
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||88 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2367|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1824|
- January 8 – After much controversy, Michael Faraday is finally elected as a member of the Royal Society with only one vote against him.
- January 22 – The Ashanti crush British forces in the Gold Coast, killing the British governor Sir Charles MacCarthy (see also Wars between Britain and Ashanti in Ghana and Ashanti Confederacy).
- January 24 – First issue of the radical quarterly founded by Jeremy Bentham, The Westminster Review, is published in London.
- February 10 – Simón Bolívar is proclaimed dictator of Peru.
- February 21 – Chumash Revolt of 1824 begins against the Spanish presence in The Californias.
- March 7 – Florida State Capitol moves from St. Augustine, Florida to Tallahassee
- March 11 – The United States War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- March 17 – The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 is signed.
- May–July – King Kamehameha II of Hawaii and his Queen Consort Kamāmalu make a state visit to London, where they both die of smallpox.
- May 7 – Première of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 (the "Choral") at the Theater am Kärntnertor in Vienna. The deaf composer has to be turned around on the stage to witness the enthusiastic audience reaction.
- May 24 – The British take Rangoon, Burma in the First Anglo-Burmese War.
- June 16 – The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is established in Great Britain.
- August 16 – Lafayette visits the United States, departing in September 7, 1825
- September 13 – With his crew and 29 convicts aboard the Amity, John Oxley arrives at and founds the Moreton Bay Penal Settlement at what is now Redcliffe in Queensland, Australia, after leaving Sydney.
- September 16 – Charles X succeeds his brother Louis XVIII as King of France.
- October 10 – The Edinburgh Town Council founds the Edinburgh Municipal Fire Brigade, the first fire brigade in Britain, under the leadership of James Braidwood.
- October 21 – Joseph Aspdin patents Portland Cement.
- November 5 – Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (the first technological university in the English-speaking world) is founded in Troy, New York.
- November 7 – In the worst flood to date in Saint Petersburg, water rises 421 cm above normal and 200 lose their lives.
- November 30 – The first sod is turned in Ontario, for the first of four Welland Canals (the canal opens for a trial run exactly 5 years later to the day).
- December 3 – U.S. presidential election, 1824: None of the four candidates for U.S. President gain a majority of the electoral votes, so the election is thrown into the U.S. House of Representatives.
- December 9 – Battle of Ayacucho: Peruvian forces defeat the Spanish.
- December 23 – Chief Pushmataha of the Choctaw Nation dies in Washington.
- December 24 – The First American Fraternity, Chi Phi (ΧΦ), is founded at Princeton University.
Date unknown 
- The Egyptians capture Crete.
- The Cimetière du Montparnasse is established in Paris, France.
- The Dutch sign the Masang Agreement, temporarily ending hostilities in the Padri War.
- The name Australia, recommended by Matthew Flinders in 1804, is finally adopted as the official name of the country once known as New Holland.
- The Panoramagram is developed, creating the first volumetric display.
- The Fort Vancouver trading post is established on the lower Columbia River by the Hudson's Bay Company.
- January 8 – Wilkie Collins, British novelist (d. 1889)
- January 15 – Marie Duplessis, French courtesan (d. 1847)
- January 21 – Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, American Confederate general (d. 1863)
- February 7 – William Huggins, British astronomer (d. 1910)
- February 8 – Barnard Elliott Bee, Jr., Confederate general (d. 1861)
- February 14 – Winfield Scott Hancock, American Civil War Union general (d. 1886)
- February 16 – Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
- March 2 – Bedřich Smetana, Czech composer (d. 1885)
- March 9 – Amasa Leland Stanford, Governor of California (d. 1893)
- March 12 – Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (d. 1887)
- March 19 – William Allingham, Irish author (d. 1889)
- March 25 – Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (d. 1900)
- April 13 – William Alexander, Anglican bishop and Primate of All Ireland (d. 1911)
- May 6 – Tokugawa Iesada, 13th shogun of Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan (d. 1858)
- May 16 – Levi P. Morton, 22nd Vice President of the United States (d. 1920)
- May 23 – Ambrose Burnside, American Civil War general (d. 1881)
- June 26 – William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-born physicist and engineer (d. 1907)
- June 28 – Paul Broca, French anthropologist (d. 1880)
- July 12 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
- July 27 – Alexandre Dumas, fils, French writer (d. 1895)
- August 7 – Gideon T. Stewart, American temperance movement leader (d. 1907)
- September 4 – Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (d. 1896)
- September 4 – Phoebe Cary, American poet, sister to Alice Cary (1820–1871) (d. 1871)
- October 5 – Henry Chadwick, baseball writer and historian (d. 1908)
- October 18 – Juan Valera y Alcalá-Galiano, Spanish author (d. 1905)
- December 10 – George MacDonald, Scottish writer (d. 1905)
- December 14 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (d. 1898)
- January 21 – Jean-Baptiste Drouet, French revolutionary (b. 1765)
- January 26 – Théodore Géricault, French painter (b. 1791)
- February 21 – Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Josephine de Beauharnais (b. 1781)
- April 19 – George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, English poet (b. 1788)
- May 15 – Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthausen, statesman (b. 1763)
- May 26 – Capel Lofft, English writer (b. 1751)
- June 16 – Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (b. 1739)
- June 18 – Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1769)
- June 21 – Étienne Aignan, French writer (b. 1773)
- July 14 – Kamehameha II, King of Hawaii (b. 1797)
- July 19 – Agustín de Iturbide, Emperor of Mexico (b. 1783)
- July 20 – Maine de Biran, philosopher (b. 1766)
- July 21 – Buddha Loetla Nabhalai, King of Siam (b. 1767)
- August 12 – Charles Nerinckx, founder of the Sisters of Loretto (b. 1761)
- September 16 – Louis XVIII of France (b. 1755)
- October 30 – Charles Maturin, Irish writer (b. 1773)
- December 5 – Madame Anne Brillon, French confidant of Benjamin Franklin (b. 1744)