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This article is about the year 1827.
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1790s 1800s 1810s – 1820s – 1830s 1840s 1850s|
|Years:||1824 1825 1826 – 1827 – 1828 1829 1830|
|1827 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Brazil - Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – United Kingdom – United States|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2580|
|Bahá'í calendar||−17 – −16|
|British Regnal year||7 Geo. 4 – 8 Geo. 4|
|Chinese calendar||丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4523 or 4463
— to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4524 or 4464
|- Vikram Samvat||1883–1884|
|- Shaka Samvat||1749–1750|
|- Kali Yuga||4928–4929|
|Japanese calendar||Bunsei 10
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||85 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2370|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1827.|
The year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.
- February 20 – Battle of Ituzaingo (Passo do Rosário): A force of the Brazilian Imperial Army meets Argentine–Uruguayan troops in combat.
- February 28 – The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad in America offering commercial transportation of both people and freight.
- March 7 – Brazilian marines sail up the Rio Negro and attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina; they are defeated by the local citizens.
- March 7 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England, is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, the future politician in colonial New Zealand.
- March 16 – Freedom's Journal, the first African-American owned and published newspaper in the United States, is founded in New York City by John Russwurm.
- April 7–April 8 – Battle of Monte Santiago: A squadron of the Brazilian Imperial Navy defeats Argentine vessels in a major naval engagement.
- April 10 – UK: George Canning succeeds Lord Liverpool as British Prime Minister.
- April 24 – Greek War of Independence – Battle of Phaleron: Ottoman troops defeat the Greek rebels.
- April 26–May 24 – The Royal Netherlands Navy's British-built paddle steamer Curaçao makes the first Transatlantic Crossing by steam, from Hellevoetsluis to Paramaribo.
- April 29 – The Fly Whisk Incident in Ottoman Algeria: Hussein Dey slaps the French consul Pierre Deval on the face, eventually leading to Invasion of Algiers in 1830.
- May 20–July 9 – Zarafa, a giraffe presented by the Ottoman Viceroy of Egypt, Mehmet Ali Pasha, to King Charles X of France, the first to be seen in Europe for over three centuries, walks from Marseilles to Paris.
- May 21 – The Maryland Democratic Party is founded by supporters of Andrew Jackson in Baltimore and hosts its first meeting at the Baltimore Atheneum.
- May 25 – Romanian inventor Petrache Poenaru receives a French patent for the invention of the first fountain pen with a replaceable ink cartridge.
- July 6 – Greek War of Independence: The Treaty of London between France, Britain, and Russia, demands that the Turks agree to an armistice in Greece.
- July 14 – Kingdom of Hawaii: The Diocese of Honolulu is founded.
- August 31 – UK: Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, becomes Prime Minister of the UK, following the death of George Canning.
- September 4 – Finland: The Great Fire of Turku destroys 3/4 of the city, with many human casualties.
- September 20 – Petition for a land grant for 215 acres on the north bank of Rio Grande just across from Paso del Norte (present day Ciudad Juárez) is approved; first residence is built on what is present day El Paso, Texas.
- September 22 – Joseph Smith, Jr. claimed in 1838 that on this day he had taken the Golden plates from the place where they were stored, and that he began writing down the Book of Mormon from them the following December.
- October 1 – Russo-Persian War, 1826-1828: The Russians under Ivan Paskevich storm Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Eastern Armenia.
- October 20 – Greek War of Independence – Battle of Navarino: British, French, and Russian naval forces destroy the Turko-Egyptian fleet in Greece. This is the last naval action to be fought under sail alone.
- Laos: King Anouvong of Vientiane leads the Laotian Rebellion against Siam and successfully attacks Nakhon Ratchasima (the Siamese later invade Vientiane and nearly destroy the whole city).
- Englishman John Walker invents the first friction match which he names Lucifer.
- Egypt: Cairo University School of Medicine is established as the first African medical school in the Middle East.
- John James Audubon begins publication of the 10-volume The Birds of America in the United Kingdom.
- March 8 – Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (d. 1875)
- March 25 – Stephen Luce, American admiral (d. 1917)
- April 5 – Joseph Lister, English surgeon (d. 1912)
- April 8 – Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (d. 1898)
- May 11 – Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (d. 1875)
- May 19 – Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (d. 1896)
- May 21 – William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (d. 1899)
- May 27 – Samuel F. Miller, American politician (d. 1892)
- May 31 – Frederic Thesiger, 2nd Baron Chelmsford, British general (d. 1905)
- June 12 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (d. 1901)
- June 13 – Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (d. 1882)
- July 13 – Hugh O'Brien, Mayor of Boston (d. 1895)
- July 17 – Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, British chemist (d. 1902)
- September 3 – John Drew Sr., Irish-American stage actor & manager, (d. 1862)
- September 30 – Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (d. 1918)
- November 7 – Antti Ahlström, Finnish industrialist (d. 1896)
- November 10 – J.T. Wamelink, American composer (d. 1910)
- November 18 – Mehmed Ali Pasha, Prussian-born Ottoman military leader (d. 1878)
- November 26 – Ellen G. White, American religious leader (d. 1915)
- December 3 – Jain Acharya Rajendrasuri, religious reformer (d. 1906)
- December 17 – Baron Alexander Wassilko von Serecki, Governor of the Duchy of Bucovina and member of the Herrenhaus (d. 1893)
- December 23 – Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, Austrian admiral (d. 1871)
- January 5 – Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, heir-presumptive to the British throne (b. 1763)
- February 19 – Armand Augustin Louis de Caulaincourt, French general and diplomat (b. 1773)
- February 23 – Felipe Enrique Neri, legislator and colonizer of Texas (b. 1759)
- February 28 – Thomas Holloway, English portrait painter and engraver (b. 1748)
- March 5
- March 26 – Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (b. 1770)
- April 29 – Deborah Sampson, first American female soldier (b. 1760)
- May 27 – Melesina Trench, Irish born writer and socialite (b. 1768)
- July 14 – Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
- August 8 – George Canning, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1770)
- August 12 – William Blake, English poet and artist (b. 1757)
- September 10 – Ugo Foscolo, Greece-born Italian writer, revolutionary and poet (b. 1778)
- November 7 – Maria Theresia of Tuscany, Queen of Saxony (b. 1767)
- December 3 – Servando Teresa de Mier, preacher (b. 1765)
- December 21 – Anton II, Catholicos Patriarch of Georgia (b. 1762)