1831 in the United States
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|1831 in the United States|
|Years:||1828 1829 1830 – 1831 – 1832 1833 1834|
24 stars (1822–1836)
Events from the year 1831 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Jackson (Democratic)
- Vice President: John C. Calhoun (Democratic-Republican/Democratic)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Andrew Stevenson (D-Virginia)
- Congress: 21st (until March 4), 22nd (starting March 4)
- Governor of Alabama - Gabriel Moore then Samuel B. Moore then John Gayle
- Governor of Connecticut - Gideon Tomlinson then John Samuel Peters
- Governor of Delaware - David Hazzard
- Governor of Georgia - George Rockingham Gilmer then Wilson Lumpkin
- Governor of Illinois - John Reynolds (U.S. politician)
- Governor of Indiana - James B. Ray then Noah Noble
- Governor of Kentucky - Thomas Metcalfe
- Governor of Louisiana - Jacques Dupre then Andre B. Roman
- Governor of Maine - Jonathan G. Hunton then Samuel E. Smith
- Governor of Maryland - Thomas King Carroll then Daniel Martin then George Howard
- Governor of Massachusetts - Levi Lincoln, Jr.
- Governor of Mississippi - Gerard Brandon
- Governor of Missouri - John Miller
- Governor of New Hampshire - Matthew Harvey then Joseph M. Harper then Samuel Dinsmoor
- Governor of New Jersey - Peter Dumont Vroom
- Governor of New York - Enos T. Throop
- Governor of North Carolina - Montfort Stokes
- Governor of Ohio - Duncan McArthur
- Governor of Pennsylvania - George Wolf
- Governor of Rhode Island - James Fenner then Lemuel H. Arnold
- Governor of South Carolina - James Hamilton, Jr.
- Governor of Tennessee - William Carroll
- Governor of Vermont - Samuel C. Crafts then William A. Palmer
- Governor of Virginia - John Floyd
- January 1 – William Lloyd Garrison begins publishing The Liberator, an antislavery newspaper, in Boston, Massachusetts.
- March 18 – Cherokee Nation v. Georgia: The Cherokee nation asked for an injunction, claiming that Georgia's state legislature had created laws which, "go directly to annihilate the Cherokees as a political society". The injunction was denied.
- April 18 – The University of Alabama is founded.
- April 21 – New York University is founded in New York City, New York.
- August 7 – American Baptist minister William Miller preaches his first sermon on the Second Advent of Christ in Dresden, New York, launching the Advent Movement in the United States.
- August 21 – Outbreak of Nat Turner's slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia. Approximately 55 whites are stabbed, shot and clubbed to death.
- October 30 – In Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave revolt in United States history.
- November 11 – In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.
- December 31 – Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.
- Alexis de Tocqueville visits the USA.
- Founding of:
- January 14 – William D. Washburn, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1889 till 1895. (died 1912)
- January 15 – Ozora P. Stearns, United States Senator from Minnesota in 1871. (died 1896)
- September 10 – William A. Peffer, United States Senator from Kansas from 1891 till 1897. (died 1912)
- November 19 – James Abram Garfield, 20th President of the United States (died 1881)
- November 21 – John Franklin Miller, United States Senator from California from 1881 till 1886. (died 1886)
|This section requires expansion. (November 2011)|
- May 27 – Jedediah Smith, explorer, hunter, trapper and fur trader (born 1799)
- July 4 – James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (born 1758)
- November 11 – Nat Turner, leader of slave rebellion (born 1800)
- Media related to 1831 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons