1836 in the United States
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|1836 in the United States|
|Years:||1833 1834 1835 – 1836 – 1837 1838 1839|
25 stars (1836–1837)
- President: Andrew Jackson (Democratic)
- Vice President: Martin Van Buren (Democratic)
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: James K. Polk (D-Tennessee)
- Congress: 24th
- Governor of Alabama - Clement Comer Clay
- Governor of Arkansas - James Sevier Conway
- Governor of Connecticut - Henry W. Edwards
- Governor of Delaware - Caleb P. Bennett then Charles Polk, Jr.
- Governor of Georgia - William Schley
- Governor of Illinois - Joseph Duncan
- Governor of Indiana - Noah Noble
- Governor of Kentucky - James Morehead then James Clark
- Governor of Louisiana - Edward Douglass White, Sr.
- Governor of Maine - Robert P. Dunlap
- Governor of Maryland - James Thomas then Thomas Veazey
- Governor of Massachusetts - Samuel Turell Armstrong then Edward Everett
- Governor of Mississippi - John A. Quitman then Charles Lynch
- Governor of Missouri - Daniel Dunklin then Lilburn Boggs
- Governor of New Hampshire - William Badger then Isaac Hill
- Governor of New Jersey - Peter Dumont Vroom then Philemon Dickerson
- Governor of New York - William L. Marcy
- Governor of North Carolina - Richard Dobbs Spaight, Jr. then Edward Bishop Dudley
- Governor of Ohio - Robert Lucas then Joseph Vance
- Governor of Pennsylvania - Joseph Ritner
- Governor of Rhode Island - John Brown Francis
- Governor of South Carolina - George McDuffie then Pierce Mason Butler
- Governor of Tennessee - Newton Cannon
- Governor of Vermont - Silas H. Jennison
- Governor of Virginia - Littleton Waller Tazewell then Wyndham Robertson
- January 5 – Davy Crockett arrives in Texas.
- January 18 – Dade County, Florida, is formed.
- February 3 - United States Whig Party holds its first convention in Albany, New York.
- February 5 – Henry R. Campbell builds the first 4-4-0, a steam locomotive type that will soon become the most common on all railroads of the United States.
- February 23 - Battle of the Alamo: The siege of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
- February 25 – Samuel Colt receives an American patent for the Colt revolver, the first revolving barrel multishot firearm.
- March 1 - At the Convention of 1836, delegates from 57 Texas communities convene in Washington-on-the-Brazos to deliberate independence from Mexico.
- March 2 - At the Convention of 1836, the Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico.
- March 5 - Samuel Colt makes the first pistol (.34-caliber).
- March 6 – The Battle of the Alamo ends; 189 Texans are slaughtered by about 1,600 Mexicans.
- March 17 – Texas abolishes the slave trade.
- March 27 - Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre - Antonio López de Santa Anna orders the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texans at Goliad, Texas
- March 31 - Marshall College, named for John Marshall, opens in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. It later merges with Franklin College to become Franklin and Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
- April 20 - U.S. Congress passes act creating the Wisconsin Territory.
- April 21 - Texas Revolution: Battle of San Jacinto - Republic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna. (Santa Anna and hundreds of his troops are taken prisoner along the San Jacinto River the next day.)
- April 22 – Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
- May 19 – Fort Parker massacre: Among those captured by Native Americans is 9-year-old Cynthia Ann Parker; she later gives birth to a son named Quanah, who becomes the last chief of the Comanche.
- June 15 - Arkansas is admitted as the 25th U.S. state.
- June 28 – James Madison, the fourth President of the United States and United States Secretary of State, dies in Montpelier, Virginia.
- July 11 - President Andrew Jackson issues the Specie Circular, beginning the failure of the land speculation economy that would lead to the Panic of 1837.
- July 13 – U.S. patent #1 is granted after filing 9,957 unnumbered patents.
- July 30 – The first English language newspaper is published in Hawaii.
- August 30 – The city of Houston, Texas is founded.
- September 1 - Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
- September 5 - Sam Houston is elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
- September 8 - Transcendental Club founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts
- October 22 – Sam Houston is inaugurated as first elected President of the Republic of Texas.
- December 4 – Whig Party holds its first national convention, in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
- December 7 – U.S. presidential election, 1836: Martin Van Buren defeats William Henry Harrison.
- December 10 - Emory College, the forerunner of Emory University, is chartered in Oxford, Georgia.
- December 15 – The U.S. Patent Office (USPTO) burns in Washington, DC.
- December 20 - Sudden freeze kills many travelers in Illinois.
- American Temperance Union established.
- The first printed literature in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is produced by Justin Perkins, an American Presbyterian missionary.
- The New Board brokerage group is founded in New York City.
- James Peter Allaire's company, the Howell Works, is at its peak.
- George Catlin ends his 6-year tour of 50 tribes in the Dakota Territory.
- Second Seminole War (1835–1842)
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- February 24 – Winslow Homer, landscape painter and printmaker (died 1910)
- February 27 – Russell A. Alger, United States Senator from Michigan from 1902 till 1907. (died 1907)
- March 2 – John W. Foster, journalist and politician (died 1917)
- May 27 – Jay Gould, railroad developer and speculator (died 1892)
- June 15 – George L. Shoup, United States Senator from Idaho from 1890 till 1901. (died 1904)
- June 28 – Lyman J. Gage, financier and Presidential Cabinet Officer (died 1927)
- November 1 – George Spencer, United States Senator from Alabama from 1868 till 1879. (died 1893)
- November 8 – Milton Bradley, game pioneer and businessman (died 1911)
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- January 30 – Betsy Ross, flagmaker (born 1752)
- March 6 – Davy Crockett, king of the wild frontier (born 1786)
- June 25 - Jesse Bledsoe, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1813 till 1814. (born 1776)
- June 28 – James Madison, 4th President of the United States (born 1751)
- September 14 – Aaron Burr, Vice President of the United States (born 1756)
- Media related to 1836 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons