1837 in Ireland
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- Shaw's Bank merges with the Royal Bank of Ireland (later to become one of the Allied Irish Banks).
- August - Following a very cold summer there is widespread failure of the potato crop, as in 1836, leading to famine later in the year.
- 18 August - The Roman Catholic Tuam Cathedral is dedicated.
Arts and literature
- Thomas Crofton Croker publishes Popular Songs of Ireland.
- Tyrone Power stages and acts in the Irish-themed plays St. Patrick's Eve (written by himself) and Rory O'More (adapted from Samuel Lover's novel).
- 7 May - John Michael Clancy, Democrat United States Representative from New York (died 1903).
- 24 May - John McDonald, soldier and Congressman in America (died 1917).
- 28 May - George Ashlin, architect (died 1921).
- 4 September - Edward Gibson, 1st Baron Ashbourne, lawyer and Lord Chancellor of Ireland (died 1913).
- 1 October - Edward James Saunderson, leader of the Irish Unionist Party in the British House of Commons (died 1906).
Full date unknown
- James Brenan, artist (died 1907).
- Patrick Graham, recipient of the Victoria Cross for gallantry in 1857 at Lucknow, India (died 1875).
- 20 January - Arthur Gore, 3rd Earl of Arran, politician (born 1761).
- 23 January - John Field, composer and pianist (born 1782).
- 1 February - Edward Donovan, writer, traveller and amateur zoologist (born 1768).
- 27 February - Lord Kingsborough, antiquarian (born 1795).
- 20 June - William IV of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (born 1765).
- 13 July - William Hare, 1st Earl of Listowel, peer and MP (born 1751).
- 24 November - Richard Trench, 2nd Earl of Clancarty, diplomat, Irish, and later British, MP (born 1767).