1837 in the United States
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|1837 in the United States|
|Years:||1834 1835 1836 – 1837 – 1838 1839 1840|
26 stars (1837–45)
Events from the year 1837 in the United States.
- President: Andrew Jackson (Democratic) (until March 4), Martin Van Buren (Democratic) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: Martin Van Buren (Democratic) (until March 4), Richard Mentor Johnson (Democratic) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: James K. Polk (D-Tennessee)
- Congress: 24th (until March 4), 25th (starting March 4)
- January 1 - Don's Rok was founded
- January 10 - DePauw University founded in Greencastle, Indiana.
- January 26 - Michigan is admitted as the 26th U.S. state (see History of Michigan).
- February 4 - Seminoles attack Fort Foster.
- February 8 - Richard Johnson becomes the first Vice President of the United States chosen by the United States Senate.
- February 11 - American Physiological Society organizes in Boston.
- February 15 - Knox College founded in Galesburg, Illinois
- February 25
- March 4
- May 10 - Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
- June 5 - Houston, Texas, is granted a city charter.
- June 11 - The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, Massachusetts, fueled by ethnic tensions between the Irish and the Yankees.
- July - Charles W. King sets sail on the American merchant ship Morrison. In the Morrison Incident, he is turned away from Japanese ports with cannon fire.
- October 21 - General Thomas Jessup captures Osceola in pretext of negotiations
- November 7 - In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot and killed by a pro-slavery mob while he attempts to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
- November 8 - Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which will later become Mount Holyoke College.
- Second Seminole War (1835–1842)
- January 9 – Julius C. Burrows, United States Senator from Michigan from 1895 till 1911. (died 1915)
- May 28 – Samuel D. McEnery, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1897 till 1910. (died 1910)
- October 12 – Preston B. Plumb, United States Senator from Kansas from 1877 till 1891. (died 1891)
- December 26 – Morgan Bulkeley, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1905 till 1911. (died 1922)
|This section requires expansion. (November 2011)|
- September 28 – David Barton, United States Senator from Missouri from 1821 till 1831. (born 1783)
- October 9 – Oliver H. Prince, United States Senator from Georgia from 1828 till 1829. (born 1787)
- U.S. Patent No. 132. "Improvement in Propelling Machinery by Magnetism And Electro-Magnetism". Google patents. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- Media related to 1837 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons