1838 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1838.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[2]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Poekilopleuron[3]

Valid

Eudes-Deslongchamps

Middle Jurassic (Bathonian)

Calcaire de Caen

 France

Jacques Amand Eudes-Deslongchamps discovers the remains of the first major French dinosaur find. He names the animal Poekilopleuron, and mistakenly believes it to be marine.[4]

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Charitosaurus

Valid

Meyer

Ischyrodon

Valid

von Meyer

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Brithopus

Nomen dubium

Kutorga

Late Permian

 Russia

A member of Dinocephalia.

Orthopus

Nomen dubium

Kutorga

Late Permian

 Russia

A member of Dinocephalia.

Syodon

Valid

Kutorga

Middle Permian

 Russia

A member of Dinocephalia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ Eudes-Deslongchamps, J.A. 1838. Memoire sur le Poekilopleuron bucklandi, grande saurien fossile, intermediaire entre les crocodiles et les lezards. Memoires de la Societe linneenne de Normandie, Caen 6: pp. 37-146.
  4. ^ Farlow, James O.; M. K. Brett-Surmann (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.