1842 in the United States
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|1842 in the United States|
|Years:||1839 1840 1841 – 1842 – 1843 1844 1845|
26 stars (1837–1845)
Events from the year 1842 in the United States.
- President: John Tyler (Whig/none)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: John White (Whig-Kentucky)
- Congress: 27th
- March – Commonwealth v. Hunt: the Massachusetts Supreme Court makes strikes and unions legal in the United States.
- March 5 – Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio, and then head back to the Rio Grande. This is the first such invasion since the Texas Revolution.
- May 19 – Dorr Rebellion: Militiamen supporting Thomas Wilson Dorr attack the arsenal in Providence, Rhode Island but are repulsed.
- August 4 – The Armed Occupation Act is signed, providing for the armed occupation and settlement of the unsettled part of the Peninsula of East Florida.
- August 9 – The Webster-Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States–Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
- December 20 – The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina is established.
- The Sons of Temperance is founded in New York City.
- The Scroll and Key secret society of Yale University is established.
- Founding of:
- Cumberland University
- Wesleyan University
- University of Notre Dame (by Father Edward Sorin, CSC of the Congregation of Holy Cross)
- Hollins University (in Roanoke, Virginia by Charles Cocke)
- Villanova University (in Villanova, Pennsylvania by the Augustinian order)
- Indiana University Bloomington
- Indiana University Maurer School of Law
- Willamette University in Salem, Oregon
- Second Seminole War (1835–1842)
- February 28 – Stephen Wallace Dorsey, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1873 till 1879. (died 1916)
- September 13 – John H. Bankhead, United States Senator from Alabama from 1907 till 1920. (died 1920)
- December 1 – Philip Spencer, founder of Chi Psi Fraternity and midshipman aboard the USS Somers (born 1823)
- Media related to 1842 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons