1843 in the United States
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|1843 in the United States|
|Years:||1840 1841 1842 – 1843 – 1844 1845 1846|
26 stars (1837–45)
Events from the year 1843 in the United States.
- President: John Tyler (Whig/none)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: John White (Whig-Kentucky) (until March 4), John Winston Jones (D-Virginia) (starting December 4)
- Congress: 27th (until March 4), 28th (starting March 4)
- February 6 – The Virginia Minstrels perform the first minstrel show (Bowery Amphitheatre, New York City).
- March 21 – The world does not end, contrary to the first prediction by American preacher William Miller.
- April 30-May 16 - Naval Battle of Campeche: Naval Battle between the Mexican Navy versus the Texas Navy and the Yucatán Navy. The battle featured the most advanced warships of its day.
- May 22 – The first major wagon train headed for the American Northwest sets out with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri on the Oregon Trail.
- July 1 – Ulysses S. Grant graduates from West Point 21st from a class of 39.
- August 23 - Mexican President Antonio López de Santa Anna announced that the annexation of Texas by the United States would be considered an act of war by Mexico.
- October 13 – In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B'nai B'rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
- November 28 – Ka La Ku'oko'a (Hawaiian Independence Day): The Kingdom of Hawai`i is officially recognized by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and July Monarchy France as an independent nation.
- Saint Louis University School of Law becomes the first law school west of the Mississippi River
- Abbeville, Louisiana is founded by descendants of Acadians from Nova Scotia.
- Edgar Allan Poe's short story The Tell-Tale Heart is first published in January 1843.
- Edgar Allan Poe's short story The Black Cat is first published in August 1843.
- January 29 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States from 1897 till 1901. (died 1901)
- February 2 – Knute Nelson, Norway-born 12th Governor of Minnesota from 1893 till 1895 and United States Senator from Minnesota from 1895 till 1923. (died 1923)
- March 8 – Arthur Brown, United States Senator from Utah from 1896 till 1897. (died 1906)
- March 23 – Joseph F. Johnston, United States Senator from Alabama from 1907 till 1913. (died 1913)
- April 25 – Dwight M. Sabin, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1883 till 1889. (died 1902)
- July 15 – Alfred W. Benson, United States Senator from Kansas from 1906 till 1907. (died 1916)
- January 11 – Francis Scott Key, author of The Star Spangled Banner (born 1779)
- March 27 – Samuel McRoberts, United States Senator from Illinois from 1841 till 1843. (born 1799)
- March 31 – George A. Waggaman, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1831 till 1835. (born 1782)
- April 25 – John McCracken Robinson, United States Senator from Illinois from 1830 till 1841. (born 1794)
- Media related to 1843 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons