1843 in the United States
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|1843 in the United States|
|Years:||1840 1841 1842 – 1843 – 1844 1845 1846|
26 stars (1837–45)
Events from the year 1843 in the United States.
- President: John Tyler (Whig/none)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: John White (Whig-Kentucky) (until March 4), John Winston Jones (D-Virginia) (starting December 4)
- Congress: 27th (until March 4), 28th (starting March 4)
- Governor of Alabama: Benjamin Fitzpatrick (Democratic)
- Governor of Arkansas: Archibald Yell (Democratic)
- Governor of Connecticut: Chauncey Fitch Cleveland (Democratic)
- Governor of Delaware: William B. Cooper (Whig)
- Governor of Georgia: Charles J. McDonald (Democratic) (until November 8), George W. Crawford (Whig) (starting November 8)
- Governor of Illinois: Thomas Ford (Democratic)
- Governor of Indiana: Samuel Bigger (Whig) (until December 6), James Whitcomb (Democratic) (starting December 6)
- Governor of Kentucky: Robert P. Letcher (Whig)
- Governor of Louisiana: André B. Roman (Whig) (until January 30), Alexandre Mouton (Democratic) (starting January 30)
- Governor of Maine: John Fairfield (Democratic) (until March 7), Edward Kavanagh (Democratic) (starting March 7)
- Governor of Maryland: Francis Thomas (Democratic)
- Governor of Massachusetts: John Davis (Whig) (until January 17), Marcus Morton (Democratic) (starting January 17)
- Governor of Michigan: John S. Barry (Democratic)
- Governor of Mississippi: Tilghman Tucker (Democratic Party)
- Governor of Missouri: Thomas Reynolds (Democratic)
- Governor of New Hampshire: Henry Hubbard (Democratic)
- Governor of New Jersey: William Pennington (Whig) (until October 27), Daniel Haines (Democratic) (starting October 27)
- Governor of New York: vacant (until January 1), William C. Bouck (Democratic) (starting January 1)
- Governor of North Carolina: John Motley Morehead (Whig)
- Governor of Ohio: Wilson Shannon (Democratic)
- Governor of Pennsylvania: David R. Porter (Democratic)
- Governor of Rhode Island: Samuel Ward King (Rhode Island) (until May 2), James Fenner (Law and Order) (starting May 2)
- Governor of South Carolina: James Henry Hammond (Democratic)
- Governor of Tennessee: James C. Jones (Whig)
- Governor of Vermont: Charles Paine (Whig) (until October 13), John Mattocks (Whig) (starting October 13)
- Governor of Virginia: John Munford Gregory (Whig) (until January 1), James McDowell (Democratic) (starting January 1)
- February 6 – The Virginia Minstrels perform the first minstrel show (Bowery Amphitheatre, New York City).
- March 21 – The world does not end, contrary to the first prediction by American preacher William Miller.
- April 30-May 16 - Naval Battle of Campeche: Naval Battle between the Mexican Navy versus the Texas Navy and the Yucatán Navy. The battle featured the most advanced warships of its day.
- May 22 – The first major wagon train headed for the American Northwest sets out with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri on the Oregon Trail.
- July 1 – Ulysses S. Grant graduates from West Point 21st from a class of 39.
- August 23 - Mexican President Antonio López de Santa Anna announced that the annexation of Texas by the United States would be considered an act of war by Mexico.
- October 13 – In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B'nai B'rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
- November 28 – Ka La Ku'oko'a (Hawaiian Independence Day): The Kingdom of Hawai`i is officially recognized by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and July Monarchy France as an independent nation.
- Saint Louis University School of Law becomes the first law school west of the Mississippi River
- Abbeville, Louisiana is founded by descendants of Acadians from Nova Scotia.
- Edgar Allan Poe's short story The Tell-Tale Heart is first published in January 1843.
- Edgar Allan Poe's short story The Black Cat is first published in August 1843.
- January 29 – William McKinley, 25th President of the United States from 1897 till 1901. (died 1901)
- February 2 – Knute Nelson, Norway-born Governor of Minnesota from 1893 till 1895 and United States Senator from Minnesota from 1895 till 1923. (died 1923)
- March 8 – Arthur Brown, United States Senator from Utah from 1896 till 1897. (died 1906)
- March 23 – Joseph F. Johnston, United States Senator from Alabama from 1907 till 1913. (died 1913)
- April 25 – Dwight M. Sabin, United States Senator from Minnesota from 1883 till 1889. (died 1902)
- July 15 – Alfred W. Benson, United States Senator from Kansas from 1906 till 1907. (died 1916)
- January 11 – Francis Scott Key, author of The Star Spangled Banner (born 1779)
- March 27 – Samuel McRoberts, United States Senator from Illinois from 1841 till 1843. (born 1799)
- March 31 – George A. Waggaman, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1831 till 1835. (born 1782)
- April 25 – John McCracken Robinson, United States Senator from Illinois from 1830 till 1841. (born 1794)
- Media related to 1843 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons