1844 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1844.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named phytosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[2]

Name Status Authors Notes

Termatosaurus[3]

Misidentification

  • von Meyer
  • Plieninger

Actually a dubious genus of crocodile-like phytosaur, similar to the Rutiodon pictured to the right.

Rutiodon, a relative of Termatosaurus.

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

"Lithosteornis"

Nomen nudum.

Gervais

Nomen nudum.

"Osteornis"

Nomen nudum.

Gervais

Nomen nudum.

Palaeornis[4]

Preoccupied

Mantell

Early Cretaceous Valanginian)

Grinstead Clay Formation

 United Kingdom

An indeterminate azhdarchoid.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ Meyer, H. von, and T Plieninger. 1844. Beitraege zur Palaeontologie Wurttemberg's enthaltend die fossilen. Stuttgart.
  4. ^ Mantell, G.A. 1844. The Medals of Creation: or first lessons in geology and in the study of organic remains. London Volume 2, pp. 587-876