1847 in Canada
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Events from the year 1847 in Canada.
- January 30 - Lord Elgin, Governor, arrives at Montreal.
- September 1 - Lord Elgin visits the Irish fever sheds at Windmill Point, Montreal, during the typhus epidemic of 1847.
- October 18 - Telegraph Line from Quebec to London, Canada West, complete.
- October 23 - 65 immigrants die in a week at Pointe St. Charles neighbourhood of Montreal.
- November 1–9,634 deaths of immigrants since 1 January
- November 19 - The railway from Montreal to Lachine is opened.
Full date unknown 
- St. Lawrence canal system completed. Faster and cheaper than US system, but growing US railroads are now the real threat.
- Typhus outbreak as over 3,000 immigrants arrive in Bytown (Ottawa) in the height of summer. The Rideau Canal is shutdown to prevent further spread of the outbreak. 167 die in quarantine.
- Outbreak of measles among the Cayuse of the Pacific Northwest.
- Fort Yukon established.
- February 25 - John Watson, Canadian philosopher (born in Scotland)
- March 3 - Alexander Graham Bell, scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone (died 1922)
- August 3 - John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair, Governor General of Canada (died 1934)
- September 3 - George Eulas Foster, politician and academic (died 1931)
- September 8 - Abraham Groves, physician
- November 1 - Emma Albani, soprano (died 1930)
- November 16 - Edmund James Flynn, politician and Premier of Quebec (died 1927)
- November 24 - Alexander Edmund Batson Davie, politician and 7th Premier of British Columbia (died 1889)
Full date unknown 
- June 11 - John Franklin, naval officer, Arctic explorer, and author (born 1786)
- June 13 - Colin Campbell, army officer and colonial administrator (born 1776)