1848 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1838 . 1839 . 1840 . 1841 . 1842 . 1843 . 1844 ...
1845 1846 1847 -1848- 1849 1850 1851
... 1852 . 1853 . 1854 . 1855 . 1856 . 1857 . 1858 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- September 20 – The American Association for the Advancement of Science is set up in Pennsylvania by re-formation of the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists, with William Charles Redfield as its first president.
- September 16 – William Cranch Bond and William Lassell discover Hyperion, Saturn's moon.
- Lord Rosse studies M1 and names it the Crab Nebula.
- Édouard Roche calculates the Roche limit.
- Rudolf Wolf (in Zurich) devises a way of quantifying sunspot activity, the Wolf number.
- April 16 – Joseph Dalton Hooker arrives at Darjeeling to begin the first European plant collecting expedition in the Himalayas.
- September 13 – Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage survives a 3-foot-plus (1 m) iron rod being driven through his head, providing a demonstration of the effects of damage to the brain's frontal lobe.
- November 1 – The first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School, opens in Boston, Massachusetts.
- Alfred Baring Garrod recognises that excess uric acid in the blood is the cause of gout.
- Rudolf Virchow produces a Report on the Typhus Epidemic in Upper Silesia advocating broad social as well as public health measures to counter such outbreaks.
- Lord Kelvin establishes concept of absolute zero, the temperature at which all molecular motion ceases.
- Nicholas Callan of Maynooth College invents an improved form of battery.
- Hippolyte Fizeau and John Scott Russell present studies of the Doppler effect in electromagnetic and sound waves respectively.
- The Warren truss is patented by James Warren.
- James Bogardus erects the first free-standing cast-iron architectural façade, the Milhau Pharmacy Building in New York City.
- Completion of palm houses at Kew Gardens, London, and the National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, by Richard Turner of Dublin.
- Joseph-Louis Lambot constructs the first ferrocement boat.
- Linus Yale, Sr., invents the modern pin tumbler lock.
- May 23 – Otto Lilienthal (died 1896), German aviation pioneer.
- June 22 – William Macewen (died 1924), Scottish surgeon.
- August 14 – Margaret Lindsay (died 1915), Irish astronomer.
- November 8 – Gottlob Frege (died 1925), German mathematician.
- November 27 – Henry A. Rowland (died 1901), American physicist.
- January 9 – Caroline Herschel (born 1750), German astronomer.
- January 12 – Christophe-Paulin de La Poix de Fréminville (born 1848), French explorer and naturalist.
- August 7 – Jöns Jakob Berzelius (born 1779), Swedish chemist.
- August 12 – George Stephenson (born 1781), English locomotive engineer.
- December 18 – Bernard Bolzano (born 1781), Bohemian mathematician.
- Baalke, Ron. "What is the Roche limit?". Frequently Asked Questions About Saturn's Rings. JPL. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
- "The Sun – History". 2001-11-25. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- Storey, G. D. (October 2001). "Alfred Baring Garrod (1819-1907)". Rheumatology (Oxford) 40 (10): 1189–90. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/40.10.1189. PMID 11600751.
- Silver, George A. (January 1987). "Virchow, the heroic model in medicine: health policy by accolade". American Journal of Public Health 77: 82–88. doi:10.2105/AJPH.77.1.82. PMC 1646803. PMID 3538915. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- Weisstein, Eric W. (1996). "Kelvin, Lord William Thomson (1824–1907)". Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography. Wolfram Research Products. Retrieved 2007-03-12.
- Year-book of Facts. 1848.
- Fizeau, Hippolyte. "Acoustique et optique". Unpublished lecture to Société Philomathique (Paris), 29 December 1848; Scott Russell, John (1848). "On certain effects produced on sound by the rapid motion of the observer". Report of the Eighteen Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (London: John Murray) 18 (7): 37–38. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- The Geek Atlas: 128 Places Where Science and Technology Come Alive. O'Reilly Media, Inc. p. 445.