1849 in the United States
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|1849 in the United States|
|Years:||1846 1847 1848 – 1849 – 1850 1851 1852|
30 stars (1848–1851)
Events from the year 1849 in the United States.
- President: James K. Polk (Democratic) (until March 4), Zachary Taylor (Whig) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: George M. Dallas (Democratic) (until March 4), Millard Fillmore (Whig) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: Roger B. Taney
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Robert Charles Winthrop (Whig-Massachusetts) (until March 4), Howell Cobb (D-Georgia) (starting December 22)
- Congress: 30th (until March 4), 31st (starting March 4)
- Governor of Alabama - Reuben Chapman then Henry W. Collier
- Governor of Arkansas - Thomas Stevenson Drew then Richard C. Byrd then John Selden Roane
- Governor of Connecticut - Clark Bissell then Joseph Trumbull
- Governor of Delaware - William Tharp
- Governor of Florida - William Dunn Moseley then Thomas Brown
- Governor of Georgia - George W. Towns
- Governor of Illinois - Augustus C. French
- Governor of Indiana - Paris C. Dunning then Joseph A. Wright
- Governor of Iowa - Ansel Briggs
- Governor of Kentucky - John J. Crittenden
- Governor of Louisiana - Isaac Johnson
- Governor of Maine - John W. Dana
- Governor of Maryland - Philip Francis Thomas
- Governor of Massachusetts - George N. Briggs
- Governor of Michigan - Epaphroditus Ransom
- Governor of Mississippi - Joseph W. Matthews
- Governor of Missouri - Austin Augustus King
- Governor of New Hampshire - Jared W. Williams then Samuel Dinsmoor, Jr.
- Governor of New Jersey - Daniel Haines
- Governor of New York - Hamilton Fish
- Governor of North Carolina - William Alexander Graham
- Governor of Ohio - William Bebb then Seabury Ford
- Governor of Pennsylvania - William F. Johnston
- Governor of Rhode Island - Elisha Harris then Henry B. Anthony
- Governor of South Carolina - Whitemarsh B. Seabrook
- Governor of Tennessee - Neill S. Brown then William Trousdale
- Governor of Texas - George Tyler Wood then Peter Hansborough Bell
- Governor of Vermont - Carlos Coolidge
- Governor of Virginia - John B. Floyd
- Governor of Wisconsin - Nelson Dewey
- January 23 – Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Medical Institute of Geneva, New York, thus becoming the United States' first woman doctor.
- February 14 – In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first President of the United States to have his photograph taken.
- February 28 – Regular steamboat service from the west to the east coast of the United States begins with the arrival of the SS California in San Francisco Bay. The California leaves New York Harbor on October 6, 1848, rounds Cape Horn at the tip of South America, and arrives at San Francisco, California after the 4 month 21 day journey.
- March 3 – Minnesota becomes a United States territory.
- March 3 – The United States Department of the Interior is established.
- March 3 – The U.S. Congress passes the Gold Coinage Act allowing the minting of gold coins.
- March 4 – Zachary Taylor refuses to be sworn in office on a Sabbath (Sunday). Urban legend holds that David Rice Atchison, President pro tempore of the United States Senate was President de jure for a single day.
- March 5 – Zachary Taylor, the 12th President of the United States of America, takes his oath of office.
- May 3 – The Mississippi River levee at Sauvé's Crevasse breaks, flooding much of New Orleans, Louisiana.
- June 6 – Fort Worth, Texas is founded.
- September 1 – The first segment of the Pennsylvania Railroad, from Lewiston, Pennsylvania to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, opens for service.
- November – Austin College receives a charter in Huntsville.
- November 13 – The Constitution of California is ratified by the electorate.
- California Gold Rush (1848–1855)
- January 12 – Murphy J. Foster, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1901 till 1913. (died 1921)
- January 29 – Newton C. Blanchard, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1904 till 1908. (died 1922)
- April 3 – Walter Guion, United States Senator from Louisiana in 1918. (died 1927)
- June 30 – William Joseph Deboe, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1897 till 1903. (died 1927)
- August 23 – William Stanley West, United States Senator from Georgia in 1914. (died 1914)
- December 6 – Charles S. Thomas, United States Senator from Colorado from 1913 till 1921. (died 1934)
- December 20 – John W. Kern, United States Senator from Indiana from 1911 to 1917. (died 1917)
|This section requires expansion. (November 2011)|
- June 15 – James Knox Polk, 11th President of the United States (born 1795)
- August 23 – Edward Hicks, painter (born 1780)
- October 7 – Edgar Allan Poe, American author, poet, editor and literary critic (born 1809)
- Media related to 1849 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons