184th Airborne Division Nembo
|184th Airborne Division|
|Nembo Division collar insignia|
The Nembo was formed in December 1942 from the 185 Parachute Regiment from 185 Airborne Division Folgore. The 183 Regiment was sent to North Africa, where it was destroyed. The 185 Parachute Regiment was sent to northeastern Italy to fight Yugoslav partisans, and was later sent to Sicily, where it fought against the Allied invasion there. It also fought on the mainland when Sicily was evacuated. The rest of the division was sent to Sardinia in June 1943.
Nembo was sent to Yugoslavia in the spring of 1943, on anti-partisan operations near the Italian border city of Gorizia. In June 1943, the 183 and 184 Parachute Regiments were sent to Sardinia to defend the island against what was expected to be the main Allied landing. The 185 Parachute Regiment was sent to Calabria.
When the Allies landed in Sicily in July 1943, the 185 was sent to reinforce the island but it arrived too late to affect the outcome. It was selected to form the rear guard and protect the withdrawing Italian and German forces, which were evacuating to the mainland. After the allied landings in Southern Italy the division engaged the British 8th Army in the Aspromonte massif, with a notable battle fought against Canadian troops on 8 September 1943.
After the Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces the 12 Parachute Battalion of the 184 regiment and the majority of the 3 Parachute Battalion of the 185 regiment sided with the retreating Germans, while the rest of the division joined the Italian Co-Belligerent Army.
In January 1944, the Allies launched Operation Shingle, the landings at Anzio. A Battalion of the fascist Nembo was sent to defend the beach-head, fighting alongside the 4th Fallschirmjäger Division.
What remained of the fascist Nembo was one of the last Italian units to surrender on 4 May 1945.
Order of battle
- 183. Nembo Parachute Regiment
- 10. Parachute Battalion
- 15. Parachute Battalion
- 16. Parachute Battalion
- 184. Nembo Parachute Regiment
- 12. Parachute Battalion
- 14. Parachute Battalion
- 23. Parachute Battalion
- 185. Nembo Parachute Regiment
- 3. Parachute Battalion
- 8. Parachute Battalion
- 11. Parachute Battalion
- 184. Nembo Artillery Regiment
- 184. Guastatori Engineer Battalion 
- George F. Nafziger, Italian Order of Battle: An organizational history of the Italian Army in World War II (3 vol)
- Wendal, Marcus. "Italian Army". Axis History. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
- Garland and Smyth, Sicily and the Surrender of Italy, pp. 534–535.
- http://www.esercito.difesa.it/root/storia/CIL_184.asp Italian Army: 184° reggimento paracadutisti "Nembo". Accessed 2009-04-19. Archived 2009-05-03.
- 185° reparto autonomo paracadutisti "Nembo"