18th Machine Gun Artillery Division
|18th MG Artillery Division|
|Allegiance||Russian Ground Forces|
|Part of||Eastern Military District|
|Garrison/HQ||Iturup, as 18 MGAD|
|Engagements||Battle of Kursk,
Battle of Stalingrad,
Battle of Smolensk,
Third Battle of Kharkov,
It was first formed as the 184th Red Banner Rifle Division (Russian: 184-я Краснознамëнная стрелковая дивизия, abbreviated: 184-я сд) which was a Soviet Red Army division during World War II (till 1940 – 2nd Division of Lithuania). It was with 29th Rifle Corps of 11th Army on June 22, 1941, as part of the Baltic Military District. Most of the soldiers rebelled and joined the cause of the Lithuanian Activist Front. Some of its remnants went to make up the Second Formation of the 16th Rifle Division. Its Second Formation was activated in October 1941, a redesignation of the 4th NKVD Rifle Division, which had been active in the Crimea since September 1941. The Division fought as part of the 62nd Army during the Battle of Stalingrad under Colonel Koida from July 17 to September 15, 1942.
Among most notable division members was Roza Shanina. On July 12, 1944 the division liberated Trakai jointly with the 45th Rifle Corps. During the counter-offensive in Eastern Prussia the division hoisted the flag of the Soviet Union on the Soviet state border. It was then transferred to the Far East and fought as part of 45th Rifle Corps, 5th Army, during the invasion of Manchuria.
On June 8, 1946 on the basis of the 184th Rifle Division and the 18th Machine Gun Artillery Brigade, the 18th Machine-Gun Artillery Division was created in Primorski Krai, comprising the 38, 40, and 49th Machine-Gun Artillery Regiments.
It was reformed from the 129th Motor Rifle Training Division in 1978.
But the division at this number was already deployed in the end of 1970s on Kuriles.
|Brigadier-General Vladas Karvelis||August 30, 1940 - ? 1941|
|Brigadier-General Vasiliy Abramov||? - ? 1941|
|Brigadier-General Stanislav Poplavsky||January - March 1942|
|Colonel Samuil Koyda||March 15, 1942 - January 18, 1943; February 11, 1943 - March 1, 1943|
|Major Pavel Galuza||January 23, 1943 - February 10, 1943|
|Colonel Stepan Khoteyev||March 18, 1943 - May 23, 1943|
|Colonel Samuil Tsukaryov||May 24, 1943 - December 12, 1943|
|Colonel Aleksandr Belov||December 13, 1943 - June 1, 1944|
|Major-General Basan Gorodovikov||June 10, 1944 - December 11, 1944; February 19, 1945 - September 3, 1945|
|Colonel Ivan Mayskiy||December 12, 1944 - January 15, 1945|
|Major-General Rakhim Maksutov||January 17, 1945 - February 18, 1945|
- Stasys Knezys. Lietuvos kariuomenės naikinimas (1940 m. birželio 15 d.–1941 m.)
- Первые дни войны 5-ой танковой дивизии - часть третья - Правда.Ру
- 5th Army, 1st Far Eastern Front, Soviet Far East Command, 09.08,45
- Feskov et al. 2004